In 2019-2020, the Russian Arctic naval group will be replenished with ships of a new class - combat icebreakers. These will be multifunctional vessels capable of operating as an icebreaker, as well as being engaged in towing and combat patrolling.
The first combat icebreaker, laid down at the Admiralty shipyards last week, was named after the legendary Soviet polar explorer Ivan Papanin. The displacement of the new vessel is more than 7.5 thousand tons, the length is 115 meters, the speed is 19 knots. He will be able to break ice and a half meter and make transitions up to 12 thousand km.
In addition to protecting and monitoring natural resources, Project 23550 patrol icebreakers will be able to escort and tow other vessels, and carry out rescue operations.
According to experts, it is possible that they will be equipped with the well-proven Kalibr-NK cruise missiles and the AK-176MA artillery system.
Ivan Papanin will become the world's first combat icebreaker. No one has ever built ice-class combat ships before. Canada plans to develop ships with similar characteristics.