For many foreign military experts, the successful actions of Russian aviation in Syria came as an unpleasant surprise. And they can be understood, because the main combat load is carried by the Su-25 attack aircraft and the Su-24 front-line bombers, which were put into service in the 70-80s. The majority of aerial bombs, which can in no way be attributed to the category of high-precision weapons, are of the same solid "age". What is the secret of such a jeweler's precision in striking IS targets?
Bombers from the Second World War were equipped with a gravitational guidance system, which was more or less effective in carpet bombing. It was not suitable for accurate bombing.
Later, in the 60s and 70s, laser-guided bombs and tele-guided bombs appeared - the "firstborn" of the emerging class of high-precision weapons. Their common drawback is dependence on weather conditions. The next stage is bombs aimed at the target using navigation satellites.
In order to turn the deposits of old bombs into high-precision ones, the Americans equipped each of them with a JDAM system, however, at the same time, they increased significantly in price. Russian specialists have found a much simpler and less costly solution by creating a specialized computing subsystem SVP-24. The system is installed on airplanes and helicopters, and the refinement of the bombs themselves is not required.
She replenished the arsenal of on-board electronics for solving a whole range of precision bombing tasks. With the help of the GLONASS system, SVP-24 carries out online monitoring of the location of the target and the aircraft, its speed, direction of movement, as well as basic meteorological data.
The SVP-24 also receives data from radar detection aircraft, radar stations and other aircraft. Having "digested" the entire array of information, the system calculates the trajectory of the bomb's flight to the target. The pilot only has to enter the coordinates of the target and continue the flight to the specified area. At the right time, bombs are dropped automatically.