The Soviet (now Russian) Mi-24 helicopter (according to the NATO codification "Hind") became the second specialized helicopter in the world after the American assault rotorcraft "Cobra" designed for solving exclusively combat missions. Today the Mi-24 army helicopter and its numerous modifications (V, PN, 35, Super Hind and others) are leading in their use in the world, yielding the palm only to the American product AH-64 - Apache ".
The main power plant of the Mi-24V includes two turboprop engines, the total power of which reaches 4400 horsepower. The main crew - the pilot and the gunner is located in the cockpit with armored glazing not in a row, but in a tandem-like scheme, the pilot's seat is slightly shifted to the rear side of the cockpit. Behind the pilot's workplace there is a folding seat for accommodating the flight mechanic, who, as a rule, does not take part in real combat operations.
The cockpit is pressurized and equipped with an air conditioning and air purification system, which reliably protects the crew in the event of the use of chemical warfare agents and from radiation dust. Behind the cabin there is a cargo-passenger compartment, which can accommodate up to 8 paratroopers with full combat gear or two seriously wounded (on a stretcher) and two lightly wounded soldiers, accompanied by two paratroopers.
A distinctive feature of the Mi-24 is the wing located in the middle part of the fuselage, which at various speeds increases the lift by 22% ... 28%.
Mi-24 "Super Hind"
After the appearance of the first samples of the Mi-24 in Soviet units, the helicopter got the humorous name "crocodile" for its unusual appearance. American military experts, after studying the tactical and technical characteristics of the helicopter and analyzing its combat capabilities, for its excellent speed qualities "called" it a "doe".
In addition to the reliable armor of the Mi-24, the army attack helicopter has equally impressive armament. The arsenal of the Mi-24, depending on the modification, includes various types of small arms and cannon weapons, placed on 6 suspension points. Depending on the tasks being solved, the helicopter can be equipped with guided "Shturm-V" or "Hermes-A" and unguided "S-five / eight / 13/24" missiles designed to combat ground (including armored) targets. To repel air attacks, the Mi-24 is armed with R-63 V or Igla-V missile systems. In addition, cluster bombs weighing 50 ... 500 kilograms can be suspended on it.
The cruising speed of the Mi-24V modification is 270, and the maximum speed is 335 kilometers per hour. Combat range of 450 kilometers; ferry distance - 1000 kilometers. The maximum flight altitude can reach 4, 25 kilometers. The helicopter is capable of making turns with a roll angle reaching 50 °.
Due to its survivability in combat conditions, the helicopter, which was put into service in 1971, is still in service with the Russian space-air forces, the navy, the border service of the FSB and the airborne troops. In particular, one combat wing, consisting of several modifications of the Mi-24P, was deployed on the lands of the Arab Syrian Republic.
However, the Mi-24s in service do not meet modern combat criteria. Their further modernization was recognized as inexpedient and the Ka-50 "Shark", Ka-52 "Hokum" and Mi-28N "Night Hunter" are coming to replace them in the Russian military aviation.