Any person, even not interested in history, must have heard of the legendary Greek campaign against the city of Troy. It is hard to believe that the adventures of Odysseus, Achilles, Hector and other characters were described as early as the 9th century BC. The work "Iliad" by the ancient Greek poet Homer, with a plot and intrigue worthy of modern blockbusters, has long been considered a fiction, not based on real events.
However, back in the 19th century, detailed archaeological studies of the northwest of Asia Minor discovered traces of a city large for ancient times with powerful defensive structures. Excavations have shown that during the seemingly mythical Trojan War, the city of Troy really existed and was one of the most developed centers of the Mediterranean. In addition, traces of destruction were found, dating back to approximately the same period - it seems that the Greeks defeated their enemy, as described in the Iliad.
The leader of the Greek army was the Mycenaean king Agamemnon. As one of the main characters of the work, Agamemnon was a real-life character. In Hittite chronicles, for example, he was named Akagamunas.
German archaeologist-enthusiast Heinrich Schliemann, who was interested in the events of the Trojan War, set out to find the burial place of the legendary Agamemnon, who managed to conquer Troy and unite almost all of Greece.
In 1876, Schliemann excavated the Mycenaean acropolis. The archaeologist discovered several burials of noble people, next to which were gold earrings and other jewelry, apparently belonging to them during their lifetime. On the male skeletons lay golden masks, which the Greeks, according to custom, put on the faces of the dead before burial.
One of the discovered masks, according to its dating, corresponded to the historical period of the reign of Agamemnon, so Schliemann quite naturally considered it to be the mask of the legendary king. It is interesting that the mask itself is posthumous, that is, it tries to convey the features of a person's face. If this is true, then we now have a distant idea of what Agamemnon looked like.
However, not everyone agrees with Schliemann's findings. Modern research on the mask has shown that it may be several centuries older than the German archaeologist had assumed. At the moment, the question of whether the mask really belongs to the tamer of Troy remains open, but the name of Agamemnon will already remain firmly connected with it.