new style, in 1801 in the Mikhailovsky Castle, in St. Petersburg, Emperor Paul I was killed
After living for 46 years, Emperor Paul I reigned for a little more than four years. Such a short term of office and all kinds of fables told about Pavel Petrovich did not contribute to a serious interest in this person.
As one historian put it in his view of the reign of Paul I, "the anecdote has pushed aside history." We know this Russian Emperor very little.
It is widely believed that he exiled tens, hundreds and even thousands of people he disliked to Siberia. In fact, according to the surviving documents, the number of those exiled was no more than ten people, mainly for theft and bribes.
Most of those who were exiled by him to the villages returned after a few months with a promotion.
In fact, Paul I was a peasant emperor. It was he who carried out significant reforms in relation to the peasants, limiting serfdom: corvee was reduced to three days; on holidays and Sundays, a ban was introduced to work for the landowner; the governors were ordered to watch carefully so that the landowners did not treat the peasants cruelly; the grain service was abolished and the poll tax arrears were forgiven.
It was strictly forbidden to sell serfs without land and divide their families. And the peasants themselves were allowed to complain about their landlords.
In relation to the nobles, Emperor Paul I was very demanding: he brought to justice those who evaded military or civilian service; made the nobles pay a capitation fee of 20 rubles a year, pulled up the army that had been morally disbanded under his August Mother.
Knowing about the perniciousness of palace coups in Russian history, he introduced a strict order of succession to the throne from father to son, ending the long period of "female kingdom in Russia." Transformed the Senate from a noble sinecure into an active judicial body.
By his order, millions of paper notes were burned, which raised the rate of silver money. To resume the high rate of Russian money, even the tsar's gold and silver sets were melted into coins.
In foreign policy, the Emperor was very active. The great Suvorov smashed the revolutionary armies of the French in Italy and Switzerland. Admiral Ushakov stormed the strongest fortresses in Europe with his ships.
A Russian-American company was established to develop Alaska.
The tough internal regime of the Emperor, which demanded service to the Empire from all classes, and the active foreign policy of Russia created the preconditions for a conspiracy led by England. The immediate executors were disgruntled guards officers. It was they who committed the heinous betrayal - the murder of their Sovereign.
A series of palace coups of the 18th century, the regicide of Peter III and Paul I gradually brought Russian society to the revolutionary collapse of the 17th year.
For almost the entire nineteenth century, we hid this regicide. Unlearned history lessons prepared a terrible future.
For now, give praise to the worthy Emperor and good Christian Pavel Petrovich, remembering that before the First World War the Holy Synod even collected materials for his canonization.