You probably know that on the territory of Armenia there are many traces of ancient civilizations that once existed in these places. Some archaeological sites are several millennia old. But most of all, scientists and tourists are attracted by the megalithic complex Karahunj
The huge megalithic complex Karahunj is located in the south of Armenia, near the city of Sisian on a mountain plateau located at an altitude of 1, 770 meters above sea level. This mysterious structure covers an area of about seven hectares and is a circle formed by hundreds of large vertical stones.
Perhaps that is why the locals call it Standing Stones or Protruding Stones.
The megalithic monument got its name from the radio astronomer Paris Heruni. Translated from the Armenian kar - "stone", unj (punj) - "sound, speak", that is, "sounding, speaking stones." Before Heruni, the complex was called Zorats Karer - “mighty stones” or “stones of power”.
The height of each stone of the structure varies from half a meter to 3 meters, and the weight reaches 10 tons. 80 stones out of 223 have round holes in the upper part. They are carved from basalt, pretty battered by time, and covered with moss.
The central ellipse (45 by 36 meters) consists of 40 stones. In the center of it there are ruins measuring 7 by 5 meters, presumably it was some kind of religious building.
Most likely, this part of the complex was used for rituals in honor of the god Ara, because the ancient temple of this god near Yerevan has exactly the same proportions.
There is also another version. Ruins are the remains of a sanctuary, in the center of which there was a huge dolmen or, in other words, a burial mound.
Unfortunately, Karahunj only recently attracted the attention of researchers, and before that was left to the destructive power of time. The exact age of the complex has not yet been established. Scientists name several options: 4, 500, 6, 500 and 7, 500 years. And some consider it to be much older and indicate the middle of the VI millennium BC as the time of its creation.
It is impossible to say unequivocally what the purpose of Karahunj was.
Of course, there are many hypotheses, both real and completely fantastic. For example, this place was used for burial or as a sanctuary for worshiping the gods, or there was something like a university in which some sacred knowledge was passed on to the elect.
But the most widespread version is still the version about the most ancient and powerful observatory. Holes drilled in the top of the stones seem to support this hypothesis.
But it remains an unsolved mystery who taught the ancient people all the stellar wisdom. Indeed, in order to build such an observatory, it was necessary not only to be able to use the obtained observations, but also to have experience in mathematical and astronomical calculations.
They are uniquely created by human hands, but why the ancients made an enlarged copy of the "chicken god" out of menhirs is unknown.
Hardly just to listen to the wind chime.
Then what was this goal? Researchers from different countries build different hypotheses, and which one to believe - everyone decides for himself.
There are still disputes over its purpose. But researchers agree on one thing - it is very similar to the famous Stonehenge.