Archeology is primarily associated with excavations, but sometimes unique ancient monuments can be found right on the surface of the earth. A similar discovery was recently made in the Himalayas. In the summer of 2017, a Russian-Indian expedition with the participation of specialists from the Institute of Archeology and Ethnography of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences worked in the Lesser Himalayas. In the Pir-Panjal mountains, scientists have found about two hundred stone sculptures of horsemen, slabs with images of people and animals, stone pedestals and pools lined with stone slabs. Unique monuments were located right on the surface of the earth.
The fact that they were not discovered earlier is due to their location at an altitude of two thousand meters.
The statues of horses with two, three, and sometimes four horsemen are made with great care. The costume of the warriors, their weapons, jewelry, horse equipment and harness amaze with an abundance of details, but the faces of the riders are devoid of individuality.
Interestingly, the more ancient warriors of the "stone army" have unique facial features.
The Himalayan sculptures reminded archaeologists of the portraits found on the Hephthalite coins: this people is characterized by large facial features, a large long straight nose and a flat-cut nape. The latter feature may be associated with the traditions of skull deformation adopted by a number of ancient tribes. Large round earrings in the ears of the riders also bring them closer to some of the images of the Hephtalite rulers minted on coins.
The estimated age of the stone statues is 6-7 centuries. AD How much time and effort it took to create a huge stone army, scientists do not yet know. Among other questions facing archaeologists, the true meaning of the sculptural compositions and the need to install them so high in the mountains