The Temple of Artemis of Ephesus is the third wonder of the world. Perhaps some will not immediately understand what was surprising about this structure. But we will give some interesting facts that will allow you to give an objective assessment of one of the seven wonders of the world. By the way, the name itself hides the origin of the famous temple - this is the ancient Greek city of Ephesus.
If it existed to this day, then you would have to go to Turkey, to the city of Selcuk, Izmir province, to see it with your own eyes. But we have to be content with only photographs of reconstructions and engineering models of the Temple of Artemis of Ephesus.
Immediately, we note that on the site of the architectural structure, where one of the seven wonders of the world appeared, there were two temples. In the VI century BC. BC, there was built a unique cult center included in the chronicles. However, he was set on fire by a man who decided to become famous in this way. Do you know who burned the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus? The name of this Greek is Herostratus
As you know, in 356 BC. BC, Alexander the Great was born. It is believed that it was then that the mad Greek committed his atrocity. The city authorities decided to consign his name to oblivion, but it still went down in history.
After that, the building was restored to its original form, with the help of funds allocated by Alexander the Great himself. In gratitude, the inhabitants of Ephesus ordered a portrait of the commander for a huge amount of money to hang the picture in one of the inner rooms of the temple.
The dimensions of the third wonder of the world - the temple of Artemis of Ephesus, were as follows. Width - 52 m, length - 105 m, and height - 18 meters. The roof lay on 127 columns. \
There is information that at the opening of the temple of Artemis, the townspeople were indescribable delight. This is not surprising, because the best sculptors, artists and masters of the ancient world worked on the decoration of this wonder of the world. The statue of Artemis of Ephesus consisted of gold and ivory.
Do not think that the described object had an exclusively religious purpose. In fact, the temple was the largest economic, business and cultural center in Greece in Ephesus.
In the middle of 263, the religious building was plundered by the Goths. At the end of the fourth century AD, when pagan religions were banned, a Christian church was built on the site of the temple. However, it was destroyed after a while. It is unlikely that we would have known something about the place of former Greek glory, if not for the titanic work of the English archaeologist John Wood.
In 1869 he managed to find traces of one of the seven wonders of the world - the Temple of Artemis of Ephesus. Despite the many problems and marshy areas in the excavation site, Voodoo managed to find the remains of a once majestic building. Unfortunately, little has survived, and today you can see a single, restored column proudly standing on the site of the Temple of Artemis.
The foundation of the building was uncovered only in the 20th century, and under it were found the remains of a temple that Herostratus burned down. Until now, this place in Turkey attracts many tourists who want to see the location of one of the seven wonders of the world.