Dartmoor is located in Devonshire, in the southwest of England. In 1951, this region received the status of a national park. Almost half of the park is occupied by marshland, a paradise for flora and fauna, as well as for those who want to escape from the hardships of city life closer to nature.
Dartmoor Forest, which occupies a large part of Dartmoor, has been part of the Duchy of Cornwall since 1307, and was formerly a royal hunting ground. Massive granite boulders, standing there for many centuries, are often found on the grassy and heather wastelands among the hills. Here and there, wild ponies nibble on grass. Despite the fact that these ponies live in the wild, they all have owners, and they are collected together every fall.
About 10% of this swampy area of Dartmoor is wooded, most of which is located along quiet river valleys. The stone circles and tombs are testament to the rich and mysterious historical past of Dartmoor. Indeed, Dartmoor is known for more than its stunning landscapes. It was here, in the small village of Grimspound, that Sherlock Holmes was looking for a clue to the Baskervilles dog.
Back in the 12th century. Dartmoor had one of the richest tin deposits in Europe. Stone-built mining houses can still be found along the rivers and streams of this region.
The Abbey's Road traverses the area in the southern part, passing through moorlands and swamps. It is believed to be named after the abbots who walked along it from Buckland Abbey to Buckfast Abbey. In this barren land, there is evidence of the presence of man many centuries ago. Stone circles, the remains of the dwellings of people of the Bronze and Iron Age, are there today.
South of Abbey Road lies the Hartford Heath. In the Middle Ages, tin miners came here from afar. Today, tourists are drawn to the scenic wildlife, flora and fauna of Dartmoor National Park.
Hartford Church is decorated with a cross, installed there during the Middle Ages. This church is one of many in the region that once served as road signs for people traveling through this swampy area.
Becky Falls was first opened to visitors in 1903. Among these beautiful waterfalls and huge granite boulders lies one of the most scenic hiking trails in the southwest of England.
To the west of Dartmoor lies the valley at the source of the Plim River, where you can find a huge variety of wild plants and animals. Traveling through these places is somewhat easier than through the swampy wastelands, but no less interesting.
Among the vast desert landscapes of Dartmoor Park, you will see abandoned tin mines, which are many centuries old, and various prehistoric relics, including the famous stone circles.