Turkey is an amazing and fabulous country that occupies a small part of Europe and Asia. Each time, the flora and fauna of Turkey amaze with their magnificent variety. Animals, along with plants, harmoniously fit into the country's climate. The mountainous landscape attracts the eye with its unprecedented beauty. Various ridges with their peaks alternate with valleys, forming a colorful picture, which is ideally complemented by volcanoes and the azure surface of the sea.
Turkey is filled with numerous historical monuments of the ancient world, which makes it even more attractive. The mountain landscape in the park is simply unique! The climate is changeable and rebellious: in summer it is dry, in winter it often snows, in spring everything melts and rages.
The provinces of Agra and Igdir have on their territory an amazing wonder of the world - the Ararat Mountains, which are a National Park with an area of 87, 380 hectares. The extinct volcano Ararat attracts attention with its beauty and the highest snowy peak in the whole world. After the last eruption of the volcano, in 1840, a gorge of 800 meters was formed, and the surface of Ararat is covered with igneous rock. In this place, the climate is very changeable and harsh. The surface of the summit is always covered with a snow cap, the height of which reaches 4300 m and is surrounded by 30 glaciers. Up to the sky, at an altitude of three thousand meters, is the largest glacier in Turkey. During warming, a large glacier descends down the gorge into the Urguri (St. James) valley.
Numerous tourists come to see the famous mountain with a circumference of 130 km. From the top of the mountain, the wonderful expanses of Iran, Armenia, Turkey with Small Ararat open, from the view of which the soul sings and admires the beauty of nature.
The historic fortress-monastery of Khor Virap is very close to the biblical Mount Ararat. In the old days, this territory belonged to Armenia, Ancient Rome, Persia, the Byzantine and Ottoman empires - here the path ran from East to West. In the 18th century, this mountain range was the border of two empires - Persia and Ottoman.
Ararat consists of two mountains connected at the base, similar to two cones, which were named Big and Small Ararat. Big Ararat, almost 5156 m high above sea level, and nearby, at its foot - Small Ararat, 3194 m high - these places are perfect for mountain travel. The slopes of these mountains can be overcome by people with minimal mountaineering experience.
The northern slopes and the top of Big Ararat, together with the eastern slopes of Small Ararat, were subject to Persia, and after the signing of a peace treaty, in 1828, these parts of the mountains passed to Russia, and Small Ararat became the border of the three powers. In 1921, Greater Ararat and part of Lesser Ararat again passed, according to the Turkish-Persian agreement, to Turkey. Turkey currently owns two mountain peaks.