Natural disasters that have transformed our Earth

What do Yellowstone National Park and Santorini have in common? Yes, they are a wonderful natural structure, they are visited by hundreds of thousands of tourists to admire the incredible spectacles. But few of them realize that these and similar beauties arose as a result of large-scale cataclysms that suddenly hit the Earth and caused the death of the inhabitants of the buried lands. Today these territories are reserved places intended for large or small number of tourists, depending on their openness and accessibility.

The asteroid Chicxulub and the Yucatan troughs. The Yucatan Peninsula is completely indented by deep depressions. They are called cenotes. They contain water. Moreover, the peculiarity of these reservoirs is the horizontality of the water layers. The first 10 meters from the surface are filled with fresh water. It was she who saved the Mayan tribes during times of drought. The bottom layer is salty. The layers do not mix with each other and remain crystal clear for hundreds of years. In some of the funnels, the Indians made donations, many artifacts of which were found by archaeologists. Today, these places are full of peace and a place to experience the life of Indian ancestors. Setons owe their education to the asteroid Chicxulub. He left a huge crater, which became the cause of the formation of a circle located dips. Scientists have calculated that the diameter of this one of the most powerful celestial bodies when it collided with the Earth was almost 250 km. Presumably, this asteroid is responsible for the extinction of living creatures of the Cretaceous period.

Niagara Falls

Glaciers and Niagara Falls. At first, an asteroid, like in the depressions of the Yucatan, was believed to be the cause of Niagara Falls. But scientists have found that the horseshoe-shaped cliff was not created immediately, but gradually - during the Great Ice Age. The layers of ice then reached 3 kilometers. When they began to melt and shift, falling water streams formed, forming a magnificent complex of high rocks, from which 170 thousand cubic meters fall. meters per minute. Today, against the backdrop of these magnificent noisy waters, tourists and couples of romantics in love are filming.

Crater lake. Already from the name it is clear that this reservoir, located in Oregon, is an opening formed from the collapsed top of the volcano. Its depth in some parts reaches 600 meters. The prehistoric volcano erupted almost 8 thousand years ago. Its power was so powerful that fragments of volcanic rock Crater Lake (Crater Lake) are found in Greenland. For hundreds of years, rainwater filled the depression, gradually turning it into a huge lake. Magnificent pine trees grow around its blue waters, the Pemis Castle rises, creating a fabulous and mysterious atmosphere.

Yellowstone and the sleeping supervolcano. Geologists say that the area that is now Yellowstone Reserve is one of the most impressive natural places - a dangerous place. In this area, where a huge amount of a wide variety of flora and fauna is concentrated, where jets of hot water soar to the very sky, a huge volcano sleeps, regularly erupting. The last activity of the supervolcano in Yellowstone took place 2 million years ago. When the next time such a catastrophe befalls our ball, scientists can only guess.

Mediterranean and prehistoric flood. Beaches, resorts, warm climates, rich countries, and a variety of seafood are all associated with the Mediterranean territories. All adjacent peoples and cultures fought for power over the Mediterranean. However, even 5, 5 million years ago, there were no turquoise waters and luxurious beaches on the site. On the site of the current aquatic environment, there was once the driest place on earth - a desert, which was sometimes filled with the waters of the Atlantic. During the time of glaciation through the shallow strait of water, the flow of water practically stopped. Only 5-6 million years, a stormy stream filled the wasteland, covering the mountain ranges, forming modern islands, so beloved by tourists today. They say that the water arrived very quickly - up to 10 meters a day. A truly prehistoric flood.