One of the most mysterious and interesting phenomena in our life is the fixation of someone else's gaze by the brain. How he does it?
As psychologist Ilan Shrira writes, we perceive the world around us not only with our senses. The human brain also contains special "systems" of perception. It seems incredible, but if not, how then do we feel someone else's gaze? This feeling is one of the manifestations of the survival instinct.
Some mammals can also identify the gaze of other animals, but humans are particularly adept at this from a distance. We very clearly define in which direction you need to look in order to "catch" a gaze.
When this happens, according to research, certain cells in the human brain are activated.
“The fact that a person can catch someone else's gaze speaks to the social nature of people. We can communicate not only in verbal and non-verbal ways, but also by instincts, ”says Colin Clifford, Ph.D.
The human brain does a lot of work that we don't even think about. We do not understand exactly how we managed to feel someone else's gaze.
As soon as you feel discomfort and "caught" someone else's gaze, your brain begins to turn on other mechanisms: it analyzes the distance to the "observer", the non-verbal signals that his body sends, and the possible threats associated with him. And all this happens in a fraction of a second!
It is noteworthy that when most of the participants in the experiment were wearing dark sunglasses, the likelihood of finding the "observer" dropped.
According to Clifford, direct gaze tells us about dominance or threat. If your brain senses a threat, then it immediately sends you in search of an "observer". This is inherent in nature - if there is a threat, for the sake of your own safety, you must not lose sight of it.
So this reaction is due to our instinct for self-preservation and survival. But what kind of special "systems" of perception of our brain control it remains a mystery.