Among the 150, 000 artifacts collected at the Cairo Archaeological Museum, there is one that attracts attention - this is a strange wooden bird 14 centimeters in length. It has one feature that distinguishes it from the many toys that the Egyptians made several thousand years before our era. Her tail is not located horizontally, like all birds, but vertically, like gliders and airplanes
Found a wooden model in the sands of the desert near Sakkara, where the first of the pyramids stands - the stepped tomb of Pharaoh Djoser. Egyptian scientist Khalil Messih called the figurine a model of a glider. Experts in aircraft construction, who carefully studied the ratio of the parameters of this figure, said that they completely coincide with the parameters of modern aircraft. And the geometry of the wing of the "birdie" even turned out to be almost completely adequate to the contours of the planes of the American transport aircraft "Hercules".
The "bird" was tested in a wind tunnel, and it really showed high flight qualities. Dr. Messih was not satisfied with the statements of experts about the similarity of the "bird" to an airplane. On the model of his find, he built an experimental glider, and it flew!
It turns out that archaeologists have found in the Egyptian sands a working model of gliders, which were made at least 40 centuries ago! Therefore, aviation existed in the days of the Middle Kingdom!
No sooner had archaeologists come to their senses from the unexpected find of a model of an ancient Egyptian glider, as another sensational discovery fell upon them. Historian William Deutsch unexpectedly announced that the Egyptian pharaoh Tutankhamun died 3300 years ago ... in a plane crash. In his opinion, the ancient Egyptians took to the air on primitive gliders.
One of the main proofs of such a stunning statement, according to William Deutsch, was a detailed study of the mummies of the rulers of Ancient Egypt: “It is interesting to note that many members of the royal family of Ancient Egypt, including Tutankhamun, died with broken legs and multiple wounds, as if falls from great heights.
And then scientists remembered the discovery made back in 1848 and confirmed 150 years later. In the middle of the 19th century, one of the many archaeological expeditions working in Egypt discovered mysterious hieroglyphs resembling drawings in the temple of Seti in Abydos.
They were located directly above the entrance to the temple, almost under the very ceiling, at a height of about ten meters. The only thing that the researchers of the temple were able to understand: hieroglyphs are not just texts of ancient writing, but images of strange objects, possibly mechanisms of unknown purpose.
150 years later, at the end of the 20th century, the reputable Arab newspaper "Ash Sharq al-Awsat" published several photographs taken in the temple of the sun god Amun-Ra in Karnak. The ancient artist painted on the stone of one of the ancient temples, built during the reign of Pharaoh Seti the First, who ruled three thousand years ago, a combat helicopter with clearly distinguishable blades of the main rotor and tail, and next to it he carefully carved other aircraft similar to modern fighters and bombers. They have been compared to the hieroglyphs from the Temple of Seti in Abydos.
And it became clear why the Egyptologists of the 19th century could not guess what is depicted on the walls of the temple. They just didn't know what helicopters looked like. To test this assumption, one of the most famous Egyptologists, Alan Alford, went to Abydos. He carefully studied the mysterious hieroglyphs and, returning, said in an interview with reporters that the ancient Egyptians portrayed a combat helicopter with amazing accuracy.
And now let's remember what the Pharaoh Seti the First became famous for. He was one of the most victorious rulers of Ancient Egypt. All his campaigns, as described in the annals, ended with the expansion of the boundaries of his kingdom, and the enemies who invaded Egypt invariably suffered a crushing defeat. But maybe all the victories over the enemies are explained not by the general leadership talent of the pharaoh, but by the fact that not only infantry and cavalry, but also combat aircraft fought on the side of the Network?
The assumption of aviation during the time of Pharaoh Seti the First seems incredible. And then how can you relate to the opinion of some serious scientists that the ancient Egyptians used electricity to illuminate temples and palaces?
The archaeologists who discovered the burial chamber of Tutankhamun were shocked not only by the treasures of the untouched tomb, but also by the beautiful frescoes that adorned it. The complete absence of traces of soot from torches on the bright paintings posed a logical question for researchers: how did the ancient masters illuminate their "workplace"?
The fact that the ancient Egyptians may have been familiar with electric lighting is evidenced by ancient chroniclers and scientists. For example, Saint Augustine (354-450 AD), in one of his works described an amazing lamp in the temple of Isis, which “neither wind nor water could extinguish, and Plutarch, who mentioned a lamp that burned at the entrance to the temple of the god Amun-Ra. According to the latter, the priests of the temple claimed that it had not been extinguished for several centuries.
These are all later literary sources. Is there material evidence that the pyramid builders were familiar with electricity?
In the temple of the goddess Hathor in the city of Dendera, an unusual bas-relief was discovered on one of the walls.
The figures of people are clearly visible on it, and next to them are giant bulbs, similar to modern incandescent lamps. Inside the "lamps" are "wavy snakes". Maybe these are symbolic filaments? The sharp tails of the snakes enter the "lotus flower" enclosing the narrow part of the transparent bulb, the usual electric socket or lamp base. The relief also shows a kind of cable connecting this device to a box that looks like a distribution board.
W. Harn, an outstanding specialist in the field of electrical engineering, expressed the idea that the so-called Jed pillars, on which "transparent flasks with snakes" rest, are very similar to modern high-voltage insulators. In this case, the "snakes" should represent a spiral gas-light discharge, which breaks off the petals of the "lotus flower" under the action of high voltage. V. Harn succeeded in reconstructing the operating model of such a generator, which gives an arc discharge accompanied by an intense glow.
This means that it is not for nothing that in the chronicles of almost all peoples Egypt was called a country that preserved the wisdom of disappeared civilizations, thanks to which the rulers of the country, the pharaohs, could fly on gliders, and the priests could illuminate their temples with electric lamps.