The emergence of a women's holiday - March 8, since March 8 is called differently in different countries: for example, in Armenia it is celebrated on April 7 under the name "The Holiday of Beauty and Motherhood", in Uzbekistan the holiday is celebrated as Mother's Day. March 8 is also a holiday in other countries of the former CIS - Turkmenistan, Belarus, Georgia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Kyrgyzstan, Azerbaijan ...
So where does the beginning come from? ..
"All roads lead to Rome" ... And it is from here, from Rome, that the women's holiday takes its roots. Already at that time, matrons were celebrating their women's day.
Noble women, born free, and married were called matrons. Husbands that day surrounded them with attention, care, love, and also gave them gifts. In ancient Rome, every March 1, a holiday was celebrated in honor of the goddess Juno, called Matronalia, in honor of which women were called matrons. Even slaves were given due attention on this day, they were given gifts, and the gentlemen, in honor of the celebration, allowed them to rest.
The women's holiday received its second birth after a few hundred years, at the moment when women decided to stand next to men in order to receive appropriate attention and power.
On March 8, 1857, the first women-only union was formed in New York City. On this day, workers of factories for the production of clothing and footwear went to a rally. They demanded that they be provided dryness in their working premises, reduced the working day to 10 hours, and raised their wages to the level of men's wages.
On March 8, 1908, the women of America again rallied. This time, women demanded a ban on child labor, an opportunity to vote, and better working conditions in industries. The American Socialist Party announced next year that the last Sunday in February would be National Women's Day.
Clara Zetkin left, 1910
The first call to fight for equality with men was expressed by Clara Zetkin in 1910, at a meeting of the Socialist Party in Copenhagen. Most of those present here were women. Clara suggested celebrating March 8 as International Women's Day.
The Soviet government also introduced this holiday to the rank of state, not disregarding it. In the newspapers, this day was designated as a holiday of peasants and workers, who constituted the fighting unit of the country. March 8 became the day of rest in 1965. After the Soviet Union collapsed, March 8 became a national holiday in Russia.