Hanging Gardens of Babylon - the structure of one of the seven wonders of the world, which is probably one of the most mythical and not real buildings of antiquity, we now think the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, because there is simply no direct evidence of their existence. Only guesses and hypotheses put forward by scientists can lead us to believe that this or that complex of ruins was once in ancient times exactly those hanging gardens.
We can judge about the splendor of the architectural forms and the diversity of the plant content of the ancient "botanical garden" by the records of ancient philosophers and historians. Traveling through ancient Babylon, they could contemplate, among other splendor, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon.
According to the legend, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon were built by the ruler of the Babylonian kingdom Nebuchadnezzar II for his young Persian wife around 600 BC. The city of Babylon, the capital of the Babylonian kingdom, was located south of modern Baghdad, on the banks of the Euphrates River. The wife of Nebuchadnezzar II, Amitis, was very longing for her homeland, for the beautiful mountain landscapes of Persia and its diversity. In order to make the life of Amitis in the desert Babylon less difficult, the king ordered to build the gardens, placing them on several terraces, in such a way as to give the impression of the Persian mountains.
Many not only slaves, but also noble citizens of Babylon worked on the creation of this masterpiece of architecture and floristry. King Nebuchadnezzar II wanted to collect all possible plants in the gardens for his wife, therefore every inhabitant of Babylon who brought a new plant that had not been planted in the garden was given a reward. Such plants were brought by the king from overseas trips or were bought for sick money, just to bring joy to his young wife.
To keep the gardens in constant bloom, they needed high-quality, constant watering. Therefore, according to historians, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon were located in close proximity to the Euphrates River, from which the garden was irrigated. Only on watering the garden, about 1000 slaves worked daily, who raised water in buckets to the highest terrace, which, by the way, rose 40 meters, and only then, under the force of gravity, cascading down to the lower terraces of the garden. Moreover, some scientists argue that the garden was originally built with terraces precisely for the convenience of its subsequent watering.
Plants were delivered to Babylon in a variety of ways. They were transported along the Euphrates River on ice floes or galleys. We used a lot of new technologies at that time in order to preserve the plants in proper form before planting. Tsar Nebuchadnezzar II managed to create a truly great and interesting structure and, undoubtedly, it is a pity that the Hanging Gardens of Babylon did not survive to this day, because how many interesting and incredible plants we could then see, and not just read about them. The Hanging Gardens of Babylon were an adornment not only of Babylon, but of the entire Babylonian kingdom, which attracted many travelers to the city.