Concorde - the plane hit the seven new wonders of the world. The appearance of the Concorde aircraft on the aircraft market made a splash. The aircraft itself is the graceful embodiment of luxury and style in the flying machines of our time. And even in spite of the fact that the plane is not the newest, and technically perfect machine, this plane still has many fans. The Concorde is the world's first and so far the only supersonic aircraft designed to carry passengers.
The first attempts to overcome the speed of light in an aircraft were made in 1940, but success came to researchers only in 1947. This was done on a US Air Force research aircraft. As you know, the speed of light on earth is 1225 kilometers per hour, while in air the speed of light is slightly lower. When the aircraft passes the sound barrier, you can hear a characteristic, loud sound, which means the transition of the aircraft to supersonic speed. An aircraft approaching the speed of sound perceives it as a barrier, passing through which the vehicle heats up very much, which prevents further, correct movement of the aircraft. When designing supersonic aircraft, in the future, all these nuances were taken into account and eliminated.
In 1662, thanks to the combined efforts of two European companies, which until 1960 were engaged in the design of a supersonic aircraft separately, the rear was created the world's first supersonic aircraft for transporting passengers, and it was named "Concorde". The French company Aerospatial and the British British Aircraft took part in the creation of the aircraft. The unusual jet engine was produced by the Rolls-Royce company.
The passenger compartment.
Pressurized cabins "Concorde" occupies about 85% of the total volume of the fuselage. The cockpit has 2 passenger cabins, front and rear, the rear compartment is slightly longer than the front one. The maximum width of the cabins is 2.62 m, which is less than, for example, the Tu-134.
Only two airlines, Air France and British Airways, have introduced flights on Concorde aircraft (on some routes, jointly by British Airways and Singapore Airlines). The governments of Great Britain and France provided subsidies for exploitation (which came in handy during the energy crisis in the 70s).
Termination of operation.
In July 2000, an Air France plane took off at the Charles de Gaulle airfield and caught fire and crashed to the ground. As a result, 113 people died. Flights of "Concordes" were suspended pending clarification of the cause of the disaster. After a short period of re-operation, program management decided in 2003 to discontinue operation of the Concorde.