Plastic surgery is not only a means to gain beauty and return youth. This area of medicine has enormous potential and serves more than just aesthetic purposes. In addition, many of the methods of modern surgical operations were discovered precisely thanks to plastic surgeons.
The name is not related to plastic
Testimonies of the first experience of plastic surgery date back to the 16th century. True, the word "plastic" appeared in the description of procedures only in 1837 - when plastic had not yet been invented. Then this designation was associated with the Greek term "Plastikos", which was translated as "sculptural" or "stucco". Doctors in this industry have been involved in the restoration of damaged body parts.
Breast Augmentation Anthology
Interestingly, the first dairy augmentation surgery was not performed for aesthetic purposes. One of the patients had a breast tumor removed, which distorted its shape. Then the surgeon Vincenz Cerny restored the woman's breast, taking as material a benign fatty tumor from her back. After that, long-term experiments began to find a suitable implant material. Sponges, wax and paraffin have been tested. The silicone version did not appear until the 1960s.
Surprisingly, here you can also find the contribution of plastic surgeons, or rather one of them - Claire Straight. In the 40s, the safety of cars was a big question, but the designers did not know how to improve the interior. In 1937, the aforementioned doctor sent recommendations to Chrysler, an auto concern, to change some of the internal parts of the car. In particular, he proposed replacing a number of parts with rubber ones, as well as smoothing their shapes in order to minimize damage to the driver and passengers.
First successful hand transplant
The success of this field of surgery is also worth attributing to plastic surgery. It was Warren Bridenbach, who led the Department of Reconstructive and Plastic Surgery at Arizona State University, who first successfully transplanted a body part. His patient lost an arm in an accident, and almost 15 years later, Warren sewed him on the limb of a deceased person. Not only did Matthew have no complications, but he was also able to control the "new" hand.