Sri Lanka's official name is the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, a state in South Asia, on the island of the same name off the southeastern coast of Hindustan.
Translated from Sanskrit, the name Sri Lanka means a glorious, blessed land.
The area of Sri Lanka is 65, 610 km². The population is almost - 22 million people.
It is a democratic socialist republic ruled by a President elected for a term of 6 years. The President appoints the Prime Minister, who in turn forms the cabinet.
Sri Lanka Facts
Elephants are symbols of Sri Lanka, therefore these animals are especially revered in this state.
The country began to be called Sri Lanka only on May 22, 1972. Until this moment, the island has changed many names. The indigenous population has always called him Lanka - which means land in the Sinhalese language. He later became known as Taprobane.
Sri Lanka's national cuisine has taken a lot from Indian cuisine.
The main holiday in Sri Lanka is February 4, Independence Day.
Official capital: Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte (seat of parliament and the Supreme Court), de facto capital: Colombo (seat of government, residence of the president).
The inhabitants of Sri Lanka mainly move with the help of tricycles and mopeds.
Kandaswami is a Hindu temple in Nallur, a small town near the capital of the Northern Province of the Republic of Sri Lanka, Jaffna. The temple dedicated to the god of war Skanda is one of the most revered shrines of the Tamils.
The island of Sri Lanka is located in South Asia, slightly east of the southern tip of Hindustan, and is washed by the waters of the Indian Ocean and the Bay of Bengal.
Sinhalese and Tamil are the official and national languages of Sri Lanka. According to the Constitution of Sri Lanka, English has the official status of the language of inter-ethnic communication.
On February 26, 1986, the Star Lotus was adopted as the national flower of Sri Lanka.
In the reservoirs of Sri Lanka, there are 50 species of freshwater fish, of which 17 were introduced by the British in the 19th century. Of the 38 amphibians, 16 are unique.
Sri Lanka has a very diverse flora and fauna.
Adam's Peak is a mountain on the island of Sri Lanka. Translated from Sinhalese means a mountain of butterflies. This is what the Arabs and Europeans call a mountain 2243 meters high, lying in the western part of the island of Sri Lanka, in the southern mountain branch of Konda-Uda, called Samanella or Gamalel by the Sinhalese and located 65 km east-southeast from Colombo. Buddhists consider this mountain sacred. At its top, on a bare, barren granite site, is a space 21 m long, 10 m wide, surrounded by a 1 m high wall, among which a small open temple rises. Under this temple, on a prominent rock, one can see the "Sacred Footprint", that is, the footprint of the Buddha, representing a depression that has been humanly shaped into a foot.
Milk and fish in the markets of Sri Lanka are sold not chilled.
In Sri Lanka, you can restore not only the body, but also the spirit. The most popular method to rejuvenate a tired body and calm a tired soul is Ayurveda - the world's oldest system of medicine. Ayurvedic programs consist of a range of herbal treatments and various types of baths and massages, as well as cleansing and rejuvenation techniques such as yoga, meditation and special diets.
In Sri Lanka, yoghurts are sold in special clay pots.
For 3-4 days of rest in Sri Lanka, you can feel the tropics on the Indian Ocean coast, enjoying the sun on endless sandy beaches, see the ancient shrines of Buddhism and the oldest Bodhi tree, which is more than 2250 years old, make a South African jeep safari in the national reserve, enjoy the temperate climate of the central part of the island, admire the waterfalls and feel the coolness of the highlands, where the best famous Ceylon tea grows on the foggy plantations.
Sari is considered the main attire of Sri Lankan women.
Temple of the Tooth Relic is a Buddhist temple in the city of Kandy in Sri Lanka, one of the main shrines of the island.
The main economic center of the country and the largest port is Colombo.
Most of the territory is occupied by coastal lowlands. The mountains are located in the central part of the country; the highest peak is Pidurutalagala (2524 m), another famous peak is Adamov Peak (2243 m).
Shambhala is considered an interesting spice of this state.
Shelter for wild elephants located northwest of Kegal city in Sri Lanka. The shelter was opened in 1975 by the Sri Lanka Wildlife Department on a coconut plantation on the Maha Oya River. The orphanage was originally opened to rescue and care for many of the elephants found in the jungle abandoned by their parents. In 2008, there were 84 elephants in the orphanage.
The front seats in Sri Lanka buses are for monks and pregnant women.
Of the 450 bird species found on the island, 251 are permanent inhabitants. Of these, 24 are found only in Sri Lanka. Migratory birds fly to the island for wintering from Siberia, Europe, Scandinavia. In March-April, during the migration period, you can observe a huge variety of butterflies, of which there are 240 species on the island.
Sri Lanka is considered to be the main exporter of jewelry.
Dambulla is a cave Buddhist temple of the 1st century BC. e., carved into the rock, with numerous Buddha statues. The Sleeping Buddha Stone Temple is the largest cave temple in South Asia. The temple has been a sacred pilgrimage site for 22 centuries. It is located in the city of Dambulla in the Central Province of Sri Lanka, 148 km from Colombo, near the city of Matale.
Sri Lankans do not use toilet paper, but they sell it for tourists at a price twice as expensive.
In Sri Lanka, there are various cutlets, pies, malu pang (fish bun), and kimbula banis (crocodile-shaped bun).
Mango fruits, pineapples, bananas, papaya, and lesser known but wonderful sapodilla, mangosteen, rambutan, woodapple (a fruit with a very hard skin called a wood apple), durian, passionfruit, avocado, etc.
The Egyptians first discovered cinnamon in Sri Lanka.
Sigiriya is a rocky plateau that rises 370 meters above sea level and about 170 meters above the surrounding plain in the heart of the island of Sri Lanka. Since 1982, Sigiriya has been under the protection of UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.
Tea plantations are the most visited place in Sri Lanka.
In 1971, a youth uprising led by the Popular Liberation Front, organized by Rohan Vigevir, failed.
The economy has developed the production of natural rubber, cinnamon; mining of precious stones (Ratnapura).
Galle - City and port in the southwest of Sri Lanka, the capital of the Southern Province. Population - 104, 2 thousand people. Connected by rail with Colombo and Matara. Historian James Emerson Tennent believed that Galle corresponded to the Old Testament city of Tarshish, from which King Solomon exported Sri Lankan gems and ivory.
The main strong drink on this island is considered to be coconut moonshine (arak).
Kelani - A river in Sri Lanka. It is the fourth longest river in the country, originating from Mount Adam's Peak and empties into the Laccadive Sea at Colombo. It flows through the districts of Nuwara Eliya, Ratnapura, Kegalle, Gampaha and Colombo.
Sri Lanka trains travel with an open door.
Old Parliament - Building that now houses the Secretariat of the President of Sri Lanka. The building is located in the Fort area of the capital of the island - the city of Colombo, close to the sea, in the immediate vicinity of the Presidential House. The building housed the island's parliament for 53 years until a new parliament building complex was opened in Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte in 1983.
On the territory of Sri Lanka, despite the high population density, there are 12 national parks, 3 nature reserves and 51 reservations, which occupy 14% of the island's territory. Among them are Mineriya, Sinharaja, Bundala, Vilpatu, Vasgamuva, Udawalawe and Yala.
The famous writer Michael Ondaje is from Sri Lanka.
The most ancient inhabitants of the island - the ancestors of the Veddas - belonged to the Australo-Veddoid race. The Sinhalese arrived on the island around the 6th century BC. e. from northern India.
This country has 2 capitals: de facto and official.
In Sri Lanka, as in all countries of South Asia, cricket is traditionally popular. In 1996, the Sri Lanka team won the World Championship in this sport.
Uda Walawe is a national park located on the border of the provinces of Sabaragamuwa and Uva in the south of the island of Sri Lanka, 165 km from Colombo. The national park was created to provide refuge for wildlife displaced by the construction of a reservoir on the Valawa River, as well as to protect the catchment area.
Umbrellas in Sri Lanka are not protected from rain, but from the sun.
Pidurutalagala is a mountain peak in Sri Lanka, also known as Mount Pedro. The highest point of the Republic of Sri Lanka. It rises 2524 m above sea level and 500-700 m above the adjacent plateau.
The air temperature on this island is almost the same all year round.
In 1506, Portuguese navigator Lourenço de Almeida discovered the island of Ceylon, and during the 16th century the Portuguese occupied the coast of the island.
Unawatuna (A coastal town in the Galle region of Sri Lanka) is one of the country's top tourist destinations, famous for its beaches and coral reefs.
There are turtle nurseries in Sri Lanka.
The richness of Sri Lanka's culture has been recognized by UNESCO, which has declared 7 archaeological sites of the country to be World Heritage Sites:
The sacred city of Anuradhapura (4th century BC) - the first ancient capital
The ancient city of Polonnaruwa (10th century AD) - the second ancient capital
Golden cave temple at Dambulla (1st century BC)
Lion fortress on the Sigiriya rock (5th century AD).
The inhabitants of this island do not say "thank you".
Jami Ul Alfar Mosque - Located in Colombo, Sri Lanka. Architect G.L.Saibo Lebbe, construction began in 1908 and ended the following 1909. It is designed in the standard South Indian style and resembles a mosque also completed in 1909 - Jamek Mosque, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Appearance and its peculiarity, it is striped, like a puff red and white cake.
In December 2004, the country was hit hard by a tsunami caused by an earthquake off the coast of Sumatra. More than 38 thousand people died, 6 thousand were missing, hundreds of thousands were homeless.
When buying water in a given state, the store will offer to cool the purchase for a certain fee.
Hakgala Botanical Garden - Botanical Garden in Sri Lanka. The botanical garden is a member of the international organization of botanical gardens, the international identification code is HAKGL.
There are various hotel options in Sri Lanka. In Colombo you will find modern 5 * hotels, as well as hotels of the colonial era, in which you can feel the charm and romance of the past centuries.
When buying an elephant in Sri Lanka, documents are issued for it.
Since 1983, there has been a civil war in Sri Lanka between the government and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam guerrilla organization. After many setbacks and several truces, government forces managed to defeat the Tigers. On May 18, 2009, a 50, 000-strong group of Sri Lankan government forces completed the last operation in the civil war.
Kindergartens in Sri Lanka work from 8 to 11 am, this time is necessary for mothers to relax.
A woman's smile in Sri Lanka means flirting.
Polonnaruwa is the Medieval capital of Sri Lanka, located in the North-Central Province, 214 km northeast of Colombo. Of greatest interest is the stone temple of Gal Vihara, the most famous temple in Sri Lanka. Four Buddha statues in various positions are carved into the granite rock and date back to the 12th century. Despite their colossal size, the sculptures are very realistic. Of great interest is the third statue, depicting the Buddha in an unusual pose with crossed arms on his chest. This pose is widespread in India. It is believed that the goal of the ancient sculptor was the desire to belittle the divine nature of the Buddha, emphasizing his humanity.
The island produces about 10% of all tea in the world, which is more than 305 thousand tons per year (3rd place, after India and China).
The diverse civilization of Sri Lanka has endowed the island with a stunning cultural heritage of colorful festivals related to Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam and Christianity.
Tourism plays an ever-increasing role in the country's economy (9% of GDP in 2004). Popular seaside resort towns (Moratuva, Galle), the historical sights of Kandy, Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa, Sigiriya, the mountain resort of Nuwara Eliya. Tourists also visit tea plantations, national parks and religious and historical monuments of Buddhism, for example, the Temple of the Tooth of the Buddha in Kandy (the ancient capital of the island), where one of the most revered Buddhist shrines, the tooth of Buddha, is kept.
Sri Lankans start their morning with meditation and gymnastics.
Anuradhapura is a city in Sri Lanka, the administrative center of the North-Central Province and Anuradhapura District. The population is about 63 thousand people. Located on the Aruvi River. It consists of an "old town", which houses an archaeological area and several temples, and a "new town", separated by a river, which contains residential areas and a tourist area. Resettlement to the new city was undertaken by the government in the 1950s with the aim of protecting archaeological sites.
Sri Lanka is rich in sapphires and emeralds.
The coastline is 1, 340 km long. is an ideal destination for windsurfing, water skiing and scooter, surfing, sailing, diving (including wreck diving), snorkelling, speed boats, banana boat rides.
For the shape of this island, Sri Lanka is often called the "tear of India".