The reputation of this product has long been tarnished. Every day we hear that palm oil is harmful, "technical" and causes a lot of diseases. We decided to find out if it really is that terrible, and checked the most popular myths.
Myth # 1: unnatural
There is an opinion that it is produced in some kind of basement chemical laboratories. In fact, all this is complete nonsense. "Palm" is the same natural oil as sunflower, rapeseed, camelina and so on. What is the notorious palm oil made of? It is obtained from the fruit of the oil palm. Visually, they look like dates and grow in large clusters. Two types of oil can be squeezed out of them - palm and palm kernel. Palm is obtained from pulp, palm kernel - from a stone. Both are used in food production. It was fried on the "palm" back in Ancient Egypt - this oil was typical in the diet of the inhabitants of the southern region.
Myth # 2: has a harmful composition
Let's analyze the composition and see what properties palm oil has:
a rare type of vitamin E - tocotrienols - antioxidants. Antioxidants help the body resist free radicals that are formed during metabolism and can lead to the development of cancer.
As you can see, there is nothing wrong, moreover, the composition is very useful.
Myth # 3: Contains trans fats
Trans fats are formed during the hardening of liquid vegetable oils. They are necessary for the manufacture of a huge range of products that we are all used to: confectionery, baked goods, many semi-finished products. Simply put, they let the candy “melt in your mouth, not in your hands, ” as some old ad said. Vegetable tropical palm oil naturally has a semi-solid consistency (another one is the same - coconut - it is also semi-solid), it does not need to be cured, so there are no trans fats in it. This is due to the fact that it contains more saturated fatty acids - they give it firmness.
Myth # 4: Provokes disease
Cancer, diabetes, cholesterol clogging of blood vessels and other health problems are associated with "palm", because this tropical oil contains those very saturated fatty acids. In it, they are really up to 50%, but in butter - as much as 65%, but no one is afraid of butter. In addition, palm vegetable fat contains oleic acid, which lowers "bad" cholesterol, and a lot of vitamin E, it is included in many medicinal preparations because it has antioxidant properties.
Myth # 5: it is not absorbed by the body
Palm oil is the same oil as any other. And it also consists of fatty acids - any fat in the body is broken down with the help of special enzymes.
Myth number 6: "technical" oil is being brought to our country
There is an opinion that we are being transported low-quality oil, which in Europe is used only for rail lubrication. This has nothing to do with reality. The quality of oil in all countries is absolutely the same, because it is brought from only two points in the world where it is produced - from Malaysia and Indonesia. The use of palm oil in Europe and in Russia is also the same - it is necessary in the food industry, because it avoids trans fats. But for technical purposes, cottonseed and olive oil is more often used. Although this may surprise many, most building varnishes and paints are made on their basis.
Palm oil is a completely ordinary vegetable oil, just like sunflower oil. Like any product, it can be both useful and harmful - it all depends on the quantity.