Humanity has been waging continuous wars throughout history. The reasons are usually the same: power, territory, resources. But the reasons may be the most unexpected - a killed pig, a wooden bucket, a victory in the World Cup.
In 1325, war broke out between the Italian cities of Bologna and Modena. It was caused by an ordinary bucket. It was like this: a Bolognese cavalryman fled to Modena, who appropriated a government bucket, from which he watered his war horse. Representatives of Bologna said that they do not care about the deserter, but they would like to get the bucket back, tk. it is city property. The Modena ignored the demands of the Bolognese, and as a result, a full-fledged war broke out between the cities. It lasted 22 years, and as a result several thousand people died. By the way, Bologna did not return the ill-fated container, because it lost the war.
In Latin America, football is not just a sport, it is a lifetime. And in some cases, it is a matter of life and death.
Residents of El Salvador and Honduras have long disliked each other. In El Salvador there was an acute shortage of land, and in neighboring Honduras there was plenty of it. As a result, the Salvadorans moved to the territory of their neighbors, and not always by legal means. Conflicts periodically arose between local residents and emigrants, but it never came to hostilities.
In 1970, the FIFA World Cup was to be held. Three qualifying matches took place between El Salvador and Honduras, in which El Salvador won. The riots during the matches have reached alarming proportions. After the second game, many Honduran fans and even members of the national team were severely beaten by the Salvadorans. In response, Honduras broke off diplomatic relations with El Salvador and expelled all Salvadoran refugees from its territory.
El Salvador began mobilizing troops. Active hostilities lasted four days. Thousands of people died in the conflict. The war had an extremely negative impact on the economies of both countries. The peace treaty was signed only thanks to the intervention of the UN 10 years after the start of the war.
In 1500, a beard war broke out between the Ottoman Empire and Venice. The ruler of the Ottoman Turks, at a meeting with the Venetian ambassador, asked that, according to the Eastern custom, he swear by his beard that his city really wants to be friends with Turkey. To this the ambassador replied that in fact the Venetians shave their faces. The Sultan got angry and exclaimed in anger: "In that case, the inhabitants of your city are like monkeys!" The offended Venetians declared war on the Ottoman Empire, however, they never received an apology: their army and navy were defeated by the Turks.
In 1653, Sweden and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth were to sign an agreement of friendship and alliance. When the Swedish king read the treaty, he was outraged that after all his titles the words “and so on” were repeated twice, and after listing the titles of the Polish king - three times. As a result, the Swedish diplomats wrote an angry letter, the Poles answered, word for word - the war of 1655-1660 began, in which Sweden celebrated the victory.
Jenkins' ear war
In the first half of the 18th century, Great Britain and Spain competed for island territories in the Caribbean. The British were looking for a pretext for war, in order to take away the Spanish possessions, and found it safely: in 1738, the English sailor Bob Jenkins complained to the country's parliament about the Spanish captain, who cut off his ear for some offense. To prove his point, Jenkins showed his ear, which he had kept for seven years after leaving the Spanish ship, hoping that it would be sewn up somehow. Parliament immediately decided to declare war on Spain for insulting a British citizen, even though it was inflicted seven years ago. As a result, the Anglo-Spanish War of 1799-1742. went down in history as "the war for Jenkins' ear". There was no winner in it: both sides remained "with their own".
Fan Blow War
In 1827, the French ambassador demanded that the ruler of Algeria return all debts and pay interest on them. The Algerian monarch began to get excited, argue and demand a reprieve. During the discussion, he lightly slapped the ambassador in the face with a fan of ostrich feathers. He was offended, but did not react to the offense. But after 3 years, the ambassador remembered this episode when France needed a pretext to occupy Algeria.
War of the hives
In 1830, the American states of Missouri and Iowa nearly declared war on each other over imprecise border lines. Missouri tax collectors showed up in a village under Iowa jurisdiction and demanded payments. The locals sent them to a well-known address. Then the tax authorities cut down several trees on which the hives were hanging and took all the honey. Formidable diplomatic notes began to be exchanged between the states, and mobilization soon began in Missouri and Iowa. True, the state governments were smart enough not to start a war over such a petty misunderstanding, but the diplomatic conflict itself has already managed to get the ironic name "war of the hives."