Facts about Jeanne d’Arc

83 years after the start of the Hundred Years War between England and France, the latter's affairs were considered settled. The Treaty of Troyes, which deprived the Dauphin Charles of the right to the crown, put an end to French independence. Orleans remained one of the last centers of resistance, but without any hope of success. All that remained was to hope for a miracle. In 1429, a virgin named Jeanne appeared to the French, calling herself the messenger of God and declaring that she was destined to drive the invaders out of France.

Just imagine: you are the captain of a medieval city (in fact, the chief of defense), and a 16-year-old uncouth peasant woman comes to you from Domrémi and declares her mission! The first time she was ridiculed. Another would run away forever, burning with shame. But Jeanne again came to the captain of Vaucouleur Robert de Baudricourt a year later. The maiden's persistence began to melt the ice. Then Jeanne predicted exactly how the "Battle of Herring" at Orleans would end: the uncoordinated actions of the French troops did not allow them to seize the British food supply and ended in a heavy defeat. And the captain made a decision.

It was de Baudricourt who decided not only to give her an escort to Karl, but also to supply her with men's clothing. From now on, until the very end, Joan of Arc will dress in men: it is easier to fight, and the soldiers do not pay special attention. True, in order to wear full-fledged men's armor, she had to turn to the commission of theologians from Poitiers for special permission - otherwise it would be considered heresy.

In a number of works of art, Jeanne d'Arc is present either in a woman's dress or partially dressed in armor. So she was portrayed at a time when the savior of France was declared a criminal. One of her crimes was just wearing a man's dress and armor. To get out of the situation, before her rehabilitation, Joan of Arc was portrayed so as not to offend good Catholics.

Having received a letter from Jeanne, Karl hesitated all 11 days, while her squad was overcoming the path to Chinon. Finally, I decided to give the maiden a test. He put another person on the throne, while he himself stood in the crowd of courtiers. When Jeanne, without even looking at the throne, unmistakably pointed to Karl, there was no limit to amazement. And when the peasant woman from Domrémi revealed her skill in horsemanship and skill in the games common among the nobility, even skeptics began to believe that she was indeed sent by Heaven to liberate France from English rule.

Jeanne ordered to look for a sword for her in the church of Sainte-Catherine-de-Fierbois. There is a legend that it was the sword of Charlemagne himself. Then there was the assembly point of the French army at Blois and the march led by the maiden army to Orleans. The news flew ahead of her, and the troops, tired of the seemingly endless series of defeats, were transformed before our eyes. What happened next is known to everyone: the operation to lift the siege from Orleans, considered impossible by the French commanders, was completed on May 4-8. Jeanne became the Maid of Orleans. And Orleans received the main city holiday, which is celebrated annually on May 8.

Numerous testimonies about Joan of Arc led a number of researchers to put forward the assumption that the Virgin of Orleans possessed supersensible perception. Otherwise it is impossible to explain her premonitions that came true, her foresight of the course of the battle. Until now, in the Hall of Fame of the French army - the Battle of Potet conducted by it. The forces were clearly unequal: five thousand British against less than one and a half thousand French. The result of the battle: half of the British army was killed, the survivors either fled or surrendered. The French lost ten people killed! The warriors, mesmerized by Jeanne's voice, according to the testimony of their contemporaries, fought bravely even in a deliberately hopeless situation, even mortally wounded!

On the eve of the sortie from Compiegne, on May 23, 1430, Jeanne d'Arc, while praying in the parish church of Saint-Jacques, suddenly swayed, and, regaining consciousness, told her friends that she had been sold and betrayed. Her vision, as always, came true. One traitor, Captain Guillaume Flavi, raised the drawbridge of the fortress and cut off Jeanne's troops from her loyal knights. Another traitor, Charles VI, was anointed in the Cathedral of Reims only thanks to the asceticism of Joan of Arc, and did not save her. The Burgundians who captivated the Virgin of Orleans sold her to the British for 10 thousand gold livres.

But nothing could help the British. Inspired by Jeanne and Charles' coronation at Reims, France pushed British troops everywhere. A year before the capture of Bordeaux in 1453 and the end of the Hundred Years War, the conscientious son of an ungrateful father, Charles VII, ordered an investigation into the legality of the trial of Joan of Arc. In 1456 her good name was restored. And they forgot about it, until the beginning of the 18th century, when Emperor Napoleon needed to awaken the national pride of the French. The Virgin of Orleans, the savior of France, was canonized only in 1920.

The very first film adaptation of the heroic story of Joan of Arc dates back to the first years of the existence of cinema. Interestingly, the actress who played the Virgin of Orleans in 1899 was also named Jeanne (d'Alsi). There are about thirty films and television series on this topic in total. Ingrid Bergman played Joan of Arc twice. Jane Birkin, Lily Sobieski and Milla Jovovich were cast in this role. The Soviet film "Inception" with Inna Churikova in the title role stands apart: she is shown simultaneously by the film actress in the role of Jeanne and Jeanne herself in a medieval setting created by history and cinema.