At the word "seal" most people immediately imagine a little seal with huge kind eyes. This view is not far from the truth, seals are truly amazing creatures, but there are a huge number of varieties of them. Many interesting facts are associated with these animals, which we will now tell you about.
The mass of different species of seals can vary from 30-40 kilograms to two and a half tons.
Seals are really fat creatures, and they don't need fat not only in order not to freeze: it also allows them to maintain better buoyancy.
On land, seals move on their front flippers, dragging the hind flippers, but in the water the situation changes. When diving into the water, seals use their forelimbs as a rudder and paddle exclusively with their hind flippers.
Seals have poor eyesight, but excellent hearing.
Natural enemies of seals are killer whales and polar bears.
Seals are able to distinguish smells at a distance of up to several hundred meters, and in some cases up to half a kilometer.
Seals have the ability to echolocate, even if they are not as well developed as dolphins.
Nine different species of seals live on the territory of Russia.
Seals bring offspring no more than once a year.
Baby seals are covered with fluffy white fur at birth.
Like many fur-covered terrestrial creatures, seals also molt. During moulting, some species of seals scratch each other's backs, thus helping fellow seals to get rid of old hair.