Brazil is a land of endless jungles. The descendants of Europeans, Indians and slaves once imported from Africa were mixed here. The result is a distinctive Brazilian culture, completely unlike any other. The Brazilians themselves call themselves "brasileros", which is translated from Portuguese as "lumberjacks" - this is the self-name of the inhabitants of this country. What else can you say about Brazil? Perhaps, here in some places it is quite dangerous, but still insanely interesting.
Brazil is the largest South American state in terms of area and population. In addition, it is the only country on the continent where Portuguese is spoken instead of Spanish.
Brazil is the country with the largest number of Catholics among the locals.
According to one version, the state was named Brazil in honor of the mythical island - the Irish believe that it is located somewhere in the Atlantic Ocean.
Brazil ranks first in the world in the number of species of primates and freshwater fish inhabiting its territory. In addition, it holds the second position in the number of amphibian species, the third place in the number of bird species, and the fifth in the diversity of reptiles.
In 2013, the Brazilian authorities allowed to officially register a marriage between spouses of the same sex. A similar law had been passed in Argentina three years earlier.
Brazil is the world's largest producer of sugarcane fuels, which can be used in place of petroleum products.
Brazil is the world leader in sugar and orange production and the planet's largest soybean exporter. Brazil also harvested a third of the world's coffee beans.
A conscript can refuse to serve in the Brazilian army if he passes the medical test.
Brazil participated in the world football championships, and won them more often than any other country on the planet (5 times out of 20). 74% of Brazilians are passionate about football to one degree or another, which makes this game a truly nationwide sport.
The capital of the state, Brasilia, looks like a passenger plane from above, although its architect Lucio Costa claimed to have designed the city like a huge butterfly. Brasilia was built specifically to become the capital - it took about 60 thousand builders 3, 5 years.
All premises of the Brasilia Cathedral are located underground - only a dome of stained glass and concrete is visible above the surface.
In the Brazilian capital, residential buildings above 6 floors are not being built. The general plan of the city assigns each erected building a certain space above the ground, which is prohibited to exceed.
In Brazil, the letter “T” is often found on the doors of public toilets - it indicates the booths for transsexuals, of which there are a great many.
In the presence of Brazilians, you should not use the “OK” (thumb and forefinger) gesture, as it is offensive - this is how the locals make it clear that they consider their interlocutor to be insignificant, “zero” and empty space.
The gesture, known in Russia as "fig", is considered defensive in Brazil. Locals believe that it protects against the evil eye.
In Rio de Janeiro, from 10 pm to 5 am, motorists are allowed to pass through a red light so that they do not have time to be robbed during a stop at an intersection.
Brazilian children donate lost milk teeth to school teachers, who donate them to dentists to make dentures for teens.
The full name of the Brazilian is actually the first name, the last name of his mother and the last name of his father. When married, Brazilian women become owners of a double surname - their own and their spouse.
In Brazil, two of the 7 modern wonders of the world are located at once - the statue of Christ, towering over Rio de Janeiro, and the Amazon River.
Literally translated from Portuguese, "Rio de Janeiro" means "January river".
The Brazilian Anthem contains so many complex words and sentences that not all locals are able to understand its meaning.
Brazil has the second largest number of operating airports in the world.