Tundra is a land of harsh and beautiful nature. The cold subarctic climate and the never-thawing permafrost prevent large trees from appearing here, and the constantly blowing winds force the vegetation to press to the ground. But can't you see the beauty in these cold lands?
1. The tundra is the only thing that separates the taiga forests from the ice-bound polar regions.
2. The content of carbon dioxide in the air of the tundra is higher than in other areas, since there is not enough vegetation to effectively neutralize it.
3. Despite the poorly represented flora, there are enough animals in the tundra. Even deer successfully live here, which have enough mosses and lichens for food.
4. The tundra receives less rainfall than the hot sandy deserts. But, unlike deserts, moisture evaporates very slowly in the tundra, so it is not so dry here - on the contrary, there are enough swamps in the tundra.
5. The tundra is practically not developed by man.
6. In summer, the temperature in the tundra rarely exceeds 10 degrees Celsius (in the daytime). Temperatures often drop below freezing at night.
7. The very word "tundra" came from the Finnish language, and it means "treeless desert plain."
8. The poverty of the flora of the tundra is explained by the fact that the layer of fertile soils above the permafrost here is very thin - generally its thickness does not exceed ten centimeters.
9. Winter in the tundra lasts about two-thirds of the year, that is, about eight months.
10. In the first half of winter, one of the most beautiful natural phenomena can be observed in the sky over the tundra - the northern lights.
11. Plants of various species in the tundra huddle together to more successfully protect