Facts about outstanding languages

10th place: A full-fledged language first appeared in reptiles, namely in lizards and snakes. And it is also one of the most complex in nature, since it is a real chemical laboratory. The snake, having touched an object lying in front of it and thus taking a "sample", then draws in its tongue and applies its tips to the sensitive pits located on the inner surface of the mouth. The smallest amount of substance from the outside is enough for the reptile to make a "microchemical analysis" and take the trail of the victim, find a partner during the mating season, or find a way to a source of water.

9th place: Tongue of a chameleon is a skillful hunting apparatus with a sticky trap at the end.

8th place: Some ducks, which forage by filtering water and bottom silt, have a fringe along the edges of the tongue, which helps to retain crustaceans, insect larvae and small fish. In hummingbirds, the tongue rolls up into a tube and helps pump out the flower nectar.

7th place: The tongue of parrots with a hard horny covering is an ideal tool for crushing small nuts: taking a seed in its mouth, the bird presses on it with its tongue, pressing it strongly against the inside of the beak until the shell cracks. In lorikeet parrots, the tongue at the end is equipped with a brush, with the help of which they collect the juice of the fruits crushed by their beak.

6th place: The tongue of cats is a real grater that allows them to strip meat from the bones of the victim.

5th place: Ruminants use their tongues as we use our hands. Cows and giraffes tightly grab bundles of grass, leaves or branches with their tongues in the same way as a human would do with their hand, and then, plucking them, send the food into their mouth for chewing.

4th place: The anteater's tongue has turned into a sticky fishing rod up to 60 cm long, which he then launches into the anthill, then pulls it into his mouth with a frequency of 160 times per minute.

3rd place: The tongue can be used like a spoon. Most mammals drink lapping, that is, scooping up small portions of water with the end of their tongue. Analysis of frames of accelerated filming showed that the dog turns its end up, and the cat, on the contrary, bends down.

2nd place: In humans, language is the main taster. Each language has 300-5, 000 taste buds. They are short-lived, live only 10 days: new ones grow to replace the old ones. The root part of the tongue is responsible for the perception of bitter, the front edges of the tongue react to the salty taste, the deep edges to the sour, and only the end to the sweet. Therefore, do not stuff the candy deeply or fill your mouth full of them: the pleasure from this will not become great.

1st place: Woodpeckers have the most amazing language. Looking for insects in the bark and trunks of trees, the woodpecker gouges a hole with its beak, but to get the larvae hidden in the wood, the length of the beak is not enough. Here a flexible tongue with horny hooks at the tip comes to the rescue: the woodpecker launches it into the tree passage and, having groped for its prey, deftly picks it up. The tongue, which is already long, can also be pushed out of the oral cavity using a long tape that goes around the entire skull and is attached to the nostril.