The history of the city of Rhodes dates back to 408 BC. This city is one of the oldest cities in the world, making it a World Heritage Site.
The architecture of Rhodes bears traces of many eras and styles.
Eleven gates lead to the Old Town, located within the city walls, which in themselves are a unique architectural monument. The length of the city walls is four kilometers, and their surface is decorated with 150 coats of arms of the knights and masters who once inhabited the city.
The city itself is divided into two parts: Burg and Kollahiy. Ordinary residents of the city lived in Burg, and its main street Socratus is built up with shops, cafeterias, taverns, as well as souvenir and craft shops.
Since 1309, Kollahiy has been a place of settlement for knights and masters. Here is the famous Palace of the Grand Masters, founded in the 14th century. In 1856, the Palace was almost completely destroyed by an explosion, but in the middle of the twentieth century, the authorities of Rhodes restored the architectural monument. Currently, the Palace houses two exhibition halls, which display exhibits dedicated to the historical culture of the island.
From the Palace of the Grand Masters, the street of the Knights originates, on which knightly courtyards are located, which bore the name of the countries to which the knights-Johannites who lived here belonged: French courtyard, Spanish courtyard, Italian courtyard, etc.
There are many museums in Rhodes. For example, the Museum of Archeology in the old building of the knight's hospital, the Byzantine Museum in the Red Mosque, which displays a unique collection of Byzantine frescoes and icons, and the Pinakothek, a city art gallery with collections of paintings by contemporary authors, built in the medieval part of Rhodes.
Also in Rhodes there are several mosques built during the reign of the Ottoman Empire: the mosque of Sultan Suleiman the Great (1522), the Ibrahim Pasha Mosque (1531), the Rajap Pasha Mosque (1588) and many others.