The bergamot plant is citrusy and belongs to the rue family. In some sources, you can find another name for it - orange bergamot. The tree got its name because of the appearance of the fruit, which resembles a pear-shaped orange, because in translation from Turkish the word “bergamot” means “master's pear”. Bergamot is a fairly tall tree. All its branches are covered with small thorns. During the flowering period, the entire bergamot tree is covered with incredibly beautiful flowers with a wonderful aroma. They can be red or white, depending on the plant variety. From September until the onset of cold weather, the tree bears fruit. Its yellow fruits resemble a mixture of lemon and orange, but they are too bitter and not suitable for consumption in their pure form.
Bergamot: benefits and harms
The most prized bergamot is its essential oil. To obtain it, not only fruits are harvested, but also shoots, flowers and leaves. The largest amount of essential oil is extracted from the zest of the fruit of this plant. At the same time, many people believe that bergamot oil is suitable exclusively for flavoring tea and toilet water - due to its specific aroma.
Not everyone who knows what bergamot is and what it looks like is well aware of the many advantages of this product. Bergamot: benefits and harms Meanwhile, the herb bergamot has the following beneficial properties: it is an antidepressant and stimulates vigorous activity; eliminates circulatory problems, dilates blood vessels; lowers cholesterol and blood sugar, normalizes metabolism; participates in the prevention of cardiac diseases; is an effective antiseptic, destroys microbes; helps with headaches, as well as fractures, sprains and other injuries; has a calming and tonic effect; increases immunity and body defenses. Despite the huge number of beneficial properties of bergamot, abuse of its essential oil can cause significant harm to the human body. In some cases, after consuming bergamot or inhaling its scent, people experience weakness, general malaise, and shortness of breath. In addition, blood pressure may rise or fall. In addition, the plant is a fairly strong allergen. Most often, allergic reactions to it appear in the form of a variety of skin rashes. However, in severe cases, allergies can cause swelling of the nasopharynx and difficulty breathing. Finally, misuse of bergamot oil can lead to severe burns. In no case should the essential bergamot oil be applied to mucous membranes in its pure form, and if necessary, drip it onto open skin areas with extreme caution.