5 interesting facts about drakkars, for those who hear it for the first time: Scandinavian drakkars are wooden ships, which were equipped with sails made of long sheep hair. In this case, only wool of a rare Northern European breed was used.
1. The main feature of the drakkars was the carved head of a dragon, which was attached to the bow of the ship. But if the Vikings went in peace, then the dragon's head was removed, and in its place was a shield, symbolizing the good intentions of the Vikings.
2. Drakkar could reach 50 meters in length and accommodate up to 200 warriors, who lived on it, when the ship was pulled out onto land, it became their home.
3. The low-sided drakkars often merged with high waves, which allowed the Vikings to carry out a sudden landing on the coast, being completely unexpected opponents
4. The powerful keel of the drakkar easily withstood the blows of the stormy sea and the movement of the vessel over land by dragging. For the manufacture of the keel and frame, trees with natural bends were initially selected. For the side cladding, only oak boards were used, which were overlapped.
5. Drakkars, equipped with sails made of long sheep hair. In this case, only wool of a rare Northern European breed was used. The natural layer of fat kept the sail dry even in the most unpleasant weather. In order for the ship to pick up speed better with a favorable wind, the fabric was sewn exclusively in a square or rectangular shape. A large sail for a drakkar could reach an area of 90 square meters. It took about two tons of wool to produce it (despite the fact that one sheep produced an average of one and a half kilograms of this valuable material per year).