Psychological, mental and even the devil knows what state of our organisms when they behave strangely.
Nature in general and our psyche in particular are those entertainers and creators of the unknown. Something unusual happens to people all the time, a lot has already been studied and named. In honor of various writers, artists, heroes of books, psychiatrists and other citizens. And it would be better for us, as educated people, to know when and what kind of trick our body will throw out.
This material contains 18 interesting syndromes (not including withdrawal symptoms - who doesn't know it?), The knowledge of which will help us become a little more erudite and understand a small part of how and what is arranged in human heads and entrails.
1. Stendhal's syndrome
A very funny syndrome, although, of course, for those who are exposed to it, sometimes it is not so fun. Stendhal syndrome manifests itself in dizziness, fainting, heart palpitations and even sometimes hallucinations surrounded by works of art or incredibly beautiful nature. Can you imagine, huh? As if you came to the Hermitage and fainted there from the power of art.
The syndrome got its name because of one of Stendhal's books, in which he described his feelings during a visit to Florence: “When I left the Church of the Holy Cross, my heart began to beat, it seemed to me that the source of life had dried up, I walked, fearing to collapse to the ground ... I saw the masterpieces of art generated by the energy of passion, after which everything became meaningless, small, limited, so when the wind of passions ceases to inflate the sails that push forward the human soul, then it becomes devoid of passions, which means vices and virtues " ...
2. Duckling syndrome
A funny psychological principle - a person sometimes behaves like a newborn duckling, who perceives the first seen and moving object as a mother. In our case, of course, we are able to distinguish between our own mother and a foam rubber ball on a moving tape, but nevertheless, we subconsciously consider the very thing that we encounter for the first time to be the most correct and best. For example, cartoons that we watched as children are always and by default better than what children are watching now.
3. Van Gogh's syndrome
We bet you are now thinking about the artist's ear? And they thought almost correctly. This syndrome is expressed in the fact that the patient insists on the operation very much, or even - oh, horror - operates on himself.
4. Watchman's syndrome
He's the little boss syndrome. At this place, everyone can nod in agreement, because there is no one in the world more important than a puny security guard, a cleaning lady, a watchman, an aunt in a glass glass in the subway, and even a cloakroom attendant in a theater. The curious paradox “I was given power, wow, I’ll show everyone now” works not only for this kind of service sector, but also for minor officials.
5. French brothel syndrome
The amazing ability of a female community that spends a lot of time together, after a short period of time, synchronize their menstrual cycles. Scientists say that pheromones are to blame for everything, which ladies unnoticeably catch in the air, and everyone else trains in sarcasm on suddenly and tightly friends of either sex.
And one more interesting fact. The cycles of all the ladies are adjusted to the cycle of the alpha female, even if there is no such official in the team.
6. Jerusalem Syndrome
This kind of megalomania, which manifests itself only in Jerusalem. A tourist who has arrived in an ancient city for religious purposes, or a pilgrim, suddenly decides that it is he who possesses the divine and prophetic powers. Also, the world must certainly be saved. An indispensable addition to a variety of symptoms is theatricality in speech and movements.
This syndrome is classified as psychosis and leads to involuntary hospitalization.
7. Paris syndrome
Another feint from an unstable nervous system also manifests itself in a strictly defined place. And most often from calm and polite Japanese tourists. They come to the country of dreams, shrouded in an aura of romance and bliss in street cafes, and they get a rather aggressive city, in which there are infinitely many migrants, no one is particularly eager to please you, people behave aggressively and street thefts thrive. About 20 Japanese a year on this basis falls into an acute delusional state, experiences a feeling of persecution, derealization, depersonalization, anxiety and other manifestations of mental disorder. The best way to treat Paris Syndrome is to send the sufferer home immediately.
8. Genovese syndrome
He is the "Bystander Effect". People who witness an emergency often do not try to help those affected. The likelihood that one of the witnesses will begin to help the victims, the less, the more people just stand and watch. One of the main ways to cope with this effect and still wait for help is to choose a specific person from the crowd and address him directly.
9. Adele's syndrome
This is the name for an all-consuming and lasting love obsession, a painful passion that remains unanswered. The syndrome got its name because of the real story that happened to the daughter of Victor Hugo, Adele.
Adele met the English officer Albert Pinson and immediately decided that he was the man of her life. It is impossible to say for sure whether he was a heartless scoundrel who deceived an innocent creature, or a victim of erotomania. However, Pinson did not reciprocate - neither the rare beauty of the girl, nor the glory of her father helped. Adele pursued him all over the world, lied to everyone that they were already married, and in the end she completely lost her mind.
10. Munchausen's syndrome
A kind of hypochondria. When everything hurts and nothing helps, but it only seems so. This is a disorder in which a person feigns, exaggerates, or artificially induces symptoms of an illness in order to undergo medical examination, treatment, hospitalization, surgery, and so on. The generally accepted explanation for the causes of Munchausen syndrome is that simulating the disease allows people with this syndrome to receive attention, care, sympathy and psychological support.
But that's nothing. Much more serious is the "delegated Munchausen syndrome", when mothers believe that their children are terribly ill. And even deliberately create conditions for the manifestation of certain serious symptoms for them.
11. Stockholm Syndrome
From Hollywood films, we know that Stockholm Syndrome is a situation in which a hostage begins to understand the invader, sympathize with him and even provide various assistance. Psychologists call this the "defensive-subconscious traumatic connection."
But this is neither a psychological paradox nor a mental disorder, but rather a normal reaction of the psyche. And despite what Hollywood tells us, this is a fairly rare occurrence, occurring in about 8% of hostage-taking cases.
12. Diogenes syndrome
Diogenes became famous for the fact that he went to live in a barrel and showed himself as an inveterate sociopath and misanthrope. The syndrome named after him (it is also sometimes called the syndrome of senile squalor) manifests itself plus or minus as well. An extremely disdainful attitude towards oneself, self-isolation from society, apathy, hoarding and any lack of shame.
13. Dorian Gray syndrome
This syndrome, one might say, suffers all those who are actively youthful, who have thrown all their strength into preserving external youth. Those who elevated this preservation to a cult. It is compensated by the unjustified use of youth paraphernalia, the choice of clothing in a youth style, and leads to the abuse of plastic surgery and cosmetics. Sometimes this disorder ends with depression and even suicide attempts.
14. Cotard syndrome
If someone suddenly starts complaining to you that his intestines have rotted, he has no heart, he has not slept all his life, he will tell nihilistic-hypochondriacal depressive delirium combined with ideas of immensity, that he is the greatest criminal, yet unprecedented in human history, that he infected everyone with syphilis or AIDS, poisoned the whole world with his fetid breath, with drama and pathos to report that he will soon pay for everything, and all the pain of the world will seem nonsense in comparison with the suffering he will experience as punishment, then call an ambulance with the note "psychiatric team, please, we have Cotard syndrome here."
15. Kandinsky-Clerambeau syndrome
Another syndrome from the field of psychiatry, also called mental automatism syndrome. From the area "little green men rule me" and "my legs go somewhere by themselves, I do not lead them."
16. Tourette's syndrome
This is what is most often called "coprolalia" - a painful irresistible urge to shout out obscene words, although this is just one of the components of Tourette's syndrome. Often used in movies.
Interestingly, the word "coprolalia" can be translated from Greek as "verbal diarrhea."
17. Alien hand syndrome
This is not at all what many of you bawdy people thought. If you watched the last part of Harry Potter, you may remember how Wormtail was strangled by his own hand. In many other films and cartoons, something similar is also found, but this is not an invention of the writers. Alien hand syndrome does exist, is a complex, not particularly treatable disorder.
18. Chinese restaurant syndrome
Be careful with Chinese food. This syndrome was identified in 1968, when a Chinese man described in a medical journal what happens to him after visiting Chinese restaurants in the United States: “The syndrome occurs 15-20 minutes after eating the first course, lasts about two hours, disappears without any or consequences. The most pronounced symptoms are numbness in the back of the neck, gradually spreading to both arms and back, general weakness and palpitations. " At first it was believed that this was due to monosodium glutamate, but research did not support the hypothesis. Still a mystery.