10 strange syndromes and conditions (facts)

10 strange syndromes and conditions Syndromes are very different, just like humans, and it is not easy to determine where fear ends and syndrome begins. We present to you the ten most unusual medical syndromes.

1. Sexomnia

People with this rare disorder have sex while sleeping but don't remember it later.

When Jan Ludeke from Toronto was arrested and put on trial for rape, the defense resorted to an unusual argument - he did it while sleeping. Indeed. It may sound far-fetched, but Ludeck, who was 33 in 2005, suffered from sleepwalking. He was drinking at a party that night and then found himself sleeping on a bed with a woman he met there. A few hours later, she kicked him up and demanded that he tell her what he was doing. According to Ludeke, he did not know that he had sex with her. “By law, if there was no intention to commit a crime, you did not commit a crime, ” said Dr. Colin Shapiro, director of the Youthdale Child and Adolescent Sleep Center, who testified for the defense. Ludeke was acquitted (much to the outrage of Canadian women's organizations) and an appeal has now been filed with the court.

Add sex to the list of unusual sleep activities known as “parasomnias, ” from driving to sleeping while eating. Last week, psychiatrist Carlos Schenck and neurologist Mark Mahovald of Minnesota's Regional Sleep Disorders Center published an article in Sleep magazine about what they called “sleepsex” or “sexsomnia” ... See this as an advanced form of sleepwalking. It includes the entire spectrum of sexual activities, from fondling to copulation, with one fundamental difference. Patients seem to be unaware of what they are doing, and when they wake up, they don’t remember anything.

2. Trimethylaminuria

Fish syndrome is a very rare gene disorder in which certain enzymes stop processing trimethylamine. It is produced by special bacteria in the stomach. A healthy person does not even know what it is, and the substance itself is destroyed still inside. But in a sick person, the process is disrupted, and the substance is released through sweat or urine. The problem is that the smell of trimethylamine is like rotten fish. Fish syndrome does not manifest itself in any way, but you must admit that this is enough to ruin a person's life. There is simply no cure for this genetic disease, and a special diet can reduce the terrible smell.

3. Exploding Head Syndrome

Exploding head syndrome is an unusual sleep disorder that until recently received little coverage in the medical literature. This syndrome is characterized by an exploding sound or loud noise that occurs in the head just before going to bed or during sleep. This “explosion” can be accompanied by a flash of light, shortness of breath, and a sense of dread.

Experts suggest that this is due to stress and overexertion of a person. After rest, in most cases, the symptoms of the syndrome disappear.

4. Foreign Accent Syndrome

Symptoms - speech disorder, expressed in minor changes in intonation, speed and stress, which makes the patient's speech similar to that of a foreigner trying to master a foreign language. This syndrome usually appears after a serious traumatic brain injury or stroke, with symptoms most pronounced one or two years after the injury. In total, since 1941, about 50 cases of this disease have been registered. Some of the patients, after special therapy and training, again “learned” to speak correctly, but most suffer all their lives.

A rather famous case of foreign accent syndrome occurred in Norway in 1941, after a young woman, Astrid L., was wounded in the head by a shrapnel in a bombing raid. After she recovered from her injury, she spoke with a strong German accent, discouraging her fellow countrymen. Another case of foreign accent syndrome occurred in England, when 60-year-old Linda Walker, after a stroke, spoke with a strange accent, more like Jamaican than her native English.

5. Syndrome of disturbance of the circadian sleep cycle

For people with this sleep disorder, physiologically, a day lasts an hour or even two more than the normal 24 hours. Because of this, after a while, they find themselves in antiphase relative to the rest of humanity - they sleep during the day and stay awake at night - and so on until the next cycle begins. This syndrome is very common among people in the liberal professions.

6. Genital retraction syndrome

He is Koro. A strange mental disorder in which the patient believes that his penis (or breast, if a woman is sick) is being pulled in, pulled inward, and when fully pulled in, the person will die. The patient begins to take measures for self-rescue - he does not sleep, watches, hangs weights, and so on. Another strange fact is that the disease occurs only in Asia, and even more precisely, in Southeast Asia (South China, Singapore, Thailand, etc.). Often, the disease takes on the character of a local epidemic.

7. Gourmet Syndrome

Swiss researchers have discovered a new eating disorder that occurs with a specific type of brain injury and causes cravings for delicacies. This is "gourmet syndrome", it was found in 36 patients who were followed for three years.

The syndrome was first seen in two men recovering from a stroke in a Swiss hospital. As they recovered, they began to show cravings for gourmet food. One of them, a 48-year-old journalist, is now a restaurant critic. According to Dr. Theodore Landis, "Gourmet Syndrome is a rare mild eating disorder associated with damage to the right hemisphere of the brain." Dr. Marianne Regard adds: "This new syndrome indicates that even those addictions and disorders that do not impair health may be due to damage to a specific area of ​​the brain."

8. Walking Dead Syndrome

This syndrome is also known as Cotard syndrome. People suffering from it consider themselves dead, non-existent or have lost blood and internal organs. They also suffer from hallucinations, for example, very often it seems to them that they smell rotting flesh. This disorder is a symptom of incipient schizophrenia.

9. Busy Person Syndrome

The main symptoms of this syndrome are forgetfulness and lack of concentration. According to experts, earlier this syndrome usually overtook older people, but now the disease is much younger. The reason for this is the growing flow of information from various media channels.

10. Moebius syndrome

It is a congenital anomaly characterized by a lack of facial expressions due to abnormal development of several cranial nerves and facial nerve palsy. People with Moebius Syndrome cannot laugh, their face is like a mask. They also find it difficult to swallow.

Medicine has known this disease since the end of the 19th century, but the possibilities of treating it to this day are very limited, and the reasons for its development are unclear. Fortunately, very few people have been recorded suffering from this syndrome.