Interesting facts about the superpowers of young children, which they possess, despite the fact that they usually look completely helpless, but in fact they are capable of amazing things! We bring to your attention a selection of "superpowers" of children under the age of 3 years.
1. Water Instinct
At birth, a person receives a set of instincts that work well until the brain develops enough to take control of survival. One of these instincts is the "diving reflex", which is also found in seals and other animals that live in the water. Here's how it works: if an infant up to six months old is immersed in water, it will reflexively hold its breath. At the same time, the frequency of contractions of the heart muscle will slow down, helping to conserve oxygen, and blood will begin to circulate mainly between the most vital organs: the heart and the brain. This reflex will help an infant stay underwater much longer than an adult, without seriously compromising health.
Children gain knowledge at a staggering speed, as each new experience they experience creates strong connections between neurons in the brain. By the time a child is 3 years old, the number of these connections will be approximately 1000 trillion, which is double that of an adult. From about 11 years of age, the brain will begin to get rid of unnecessary connections, and the ability to learn will begin to decline.
3. Quantum intuition
Our experience of perceiving reality significantly hinders the understanding of the rules of quantum mechanics that govern the behavior of elementary particles. For example, according to quantum mechanics, a particle, such as a photon or an electron, is not “neither here nor there, ” but is present in both places and between them at the same time. Figuratively speaking, it looks more like a cloud than a ping-pong. On the scale of a large group of particles, this "blur" disappears and a specific location of the object appears. However, it is easier to tell than to understand: an intuitive understanding of these laws was not given even to Einstein, let alone the average adult. Babies are not yet accustomed to any particular perception of reality, which gives them the ability to intuitively understand quantum mechanics. At the age of up to 3 months, children do not have a feeling of "object constancy", that is, the awareness that an object can only be in a certain place at a certain time. Play experiments (for example, the game Peekaboo) show the amazing intuitive ability of babies to assume the presence of an object in absolutely any place at the same time.
4. Sense of rhythm
All children are born with an innate sense of rhythm. This was proved in 2009 with the help of an experiment: children of 2 and 3 days of age listened to the drum rhythm with electrodes-sensors connected to the head. In cases where the researchers deliberately lost their rhythm, the brains of all babies showed the "expected" impact at the moment where it should have been, contrary to when it actually sounded. Scientists believe that a sense of rhythm helps children recognize intonation in their parents' speech and thus capture meaning without understanding the words. Also, with the help of it, children understand the difference between their native language and any other.
5. Be nice
Yes, being nice and thus evoking positive emotions in adults is also a superpower. Scientists believe that we would perceive children as too pathetic, helpless, stupid and boring to love them (this probably does not apply to mothers).