Pazir carpet - the oldest in the world

The harsh lands of the Altai Territory are infrequently found on the pages of world history. But this does not mean that they have always remained unlike. From ancient times, various nomadic peoples lived here, which were replaced in an endless struggle with each other and climate.

One of these peoples was the tribes of the so-called Pazir culture, inhabited in the territories of modern Russia, Kazakhstan and Mongolia with VI in the III century to N. e. It is believed that representatives of this culture had close roots with Iranian tribes - once a long time, some of them were separated and, persecuted by hunger or war, settled in these relatively calm edges. During the long year they retained and distributed their customs on their neighbors. In particular, carpetworking.

The tradition of making carpets has existed since a long time: images of carpets, for example, found in the tombs of the Egyptian pharaohs, rules for many centuries to our era. In those distant times, carpets served as an indicator of the status and wealth of the person who possesses them, and served as elements of the decoration of the dwelling, insulating it into rainy days. Especially strong, carpetworking was developed in the territory of the front Asia. But despite this, the most ancient carpet in the world was not found at all, and just in the territory of the Altai Territory in one of the Kurgans tribes of the most Pazist culture. Since then, he has been known to the world as a Pazist carpet.

Archaeologists discovered it in 1949 along with other valuable things belonging to a well-known person. Ancient Kurgan passed the water, which turned into ice, never driving in the microclimate of burial, so the carpet was perfectly preserved, despite his age. Specialists tend to believe that the Pazir carpet was made in the 6th century BC, but by whom it is the big question. Most likely, the master could hardly be any of the representatives of local tribes - too high quality product - and this carpet was woven in Iran, where this craft was developed to a much greater degree and where the method of weaving node was widespread in the carpet .

With a detailed study of the discovery, it was found that it was based on a thread of red, green, yellow and gold colors, and the node density is 3, 600 nodules on 1 dm² - stunningly complex work for that time. By the way, rare modern carpets have similar characteristics. A sheep wool was used as a carpet manufacturing material.

It can be seen that in the manufacture of a Pazist carpet, its appearance was given great importance: horsemen are depicted on horseback rides, lows and griffins. They are separated from each other with various patterns made with amazing accuracy.

How could this carpet use his owner? Probably, he belonged to the tribal nobility - only her representatives could afford to have such an expensive thing. Obviously, the Pazist carpet was not used as protection from the cold, and was the subject of luxury and could hang somewhere at the wall of the tent. Some archaeologists believe that the Pazir carpet with its complex geometric shapes and numerous drawings could be used as a bone board. Others researchers pay attention to some asymmetry of the patterns of drawings, which, in their opinion, are not mistakes of the master, and was made specifically. Perhaps a certain message is hidden in the carpet that we still have to decipher?