Leaves, bark, fruit, raw meat, larvae - no, this is not a new fashionable celebrity diet, but a fearful daytime diet of primates, from which, if the theory of evolution is correct, and a person occurred. Compared with them, Homo Sapiens went far ahead in the development and ability to prepare food for himself. Arriving in different countries around the world, we are hardly more than inspection of local attractions, we want to try traditional dishes for this region.
The ability to change the physical and chemical properties of food with thermal exposure has become a real breakthrough in the evolution of a person. Preparation of food allowed to disinfect it, increased digestibility and, of course, gave her new taste shades. But when it became that this fracture occurred, which perhaps became the breakthrough that determined all the further development of hominids?
Cooking is impossible without heat, and therefore, it can be assumed that the first steps in the cooking man began to do simultaneously with the tear of fire. But to understand when this is exactly what happened is not so simple. Archaeologists recognize that it is practically impossible to determine whether the found traces of fire on fossil residues were caused by human activity or tens of thousands of years ago at this place simply hit Lightning. That is why the remnants of the ancient fires need to be sought in the caves.
Traces of one of the oldest fires of about 1 million years have been found in one of the caves of South Africa. In those days, the expanses of the African continent inhabited a distant ancestor of a modern person - Homo Erectus. Found charred bone residues suggest that Homo Erectus, apparently, prepared meat.
Neanderthals who evolved from Homo Erectus about 250, 000 years ago, quite definitely knew how to breed fires and prepare their meals. This is evidenced by numerous findings of the charred bones of animals on the ancient parking lots of Neanderthal. But about all these finds there are logical doubts - firstly, it is not known whether it was preparing food, and not, for example, the ritual burning of animals during some rites? Secondly, if food and prepared, how often did it be done on a regular basis?
It is possible to understand that the person was preparing food constantly, it is possible, finding specially intended for cooking tools. The oldest clay pots were found in China and are estimated by age at about 20, 000 years. Numerous scratches and scratching on the inner walls, and the very existence of a pot convincingly prove that 20, 000 years ago, our ancestors have already confidently prepared quite complicated dishes.
However, this find does not bring clarity to the question when an ancient man began to prepare food. Scientists have decided that once archaeological data cannot give an accurate answer, then you should contact biology, namely to the structure of the skeleton at various ancestors of a person: a person skillful (Homo Habilis), who lived On the planet about £ 2 million back, in a person spinning (Homo Erectus) and Neanderthal. Compared to a person skillful, a sharp decrease in teeth in relation to the size of the head is pronounced. Scientists associate these changes with nothing but with mastering cooking skills. Many before that poorly absorbed foods after heat treatment have become suitable for use, giving more calories and easier chewing. Our ancestors no longer needed to seek food all day and is as often to get the required amount of energy. Accordingly, large teeth simply disappeared as unnecessary.
It turns out that the theory that the ancestor of the modern man first began to prepare I am looking for about 1 million years ago, during the existence of Homo Erectus looks the most believable. Of course, this process was slow, but inevitable - the benefits of thermal processing were too obvious. It is the mastering of the art of cooking food that may be the main reason for the appearance of a modern view - Homo Sapiens.
Illustration: Depositphotos | ICONICBESTIARY