The beginning and the end of the Great Wall

The Great Wall of China is probably the most famous monument of ancient architecture. Stretching more than 8, 000 km north of China, the wall is an integral part of the History of Middle Kingdom. Hundreds of thousands of workers worked on the construction of this building for decades.

Now we can admire the long stone snake, so organically imagined the landscape around it. But most often in photographs or excursions we see only the middle parts of this grand constructure. Much less often, we show the beginning of the Great Wall of China. Officially, it is right on the coast of the Yellow Sea - it was there on the idea of ​​the ancient Chinese engineers a defensive structure against external enemies could be completed.

In this case, the wall enters the water until the depth becomes large enough to prevent the progress of the infantry or equestrian. The Chinese loved to compare their own wall stretching from the east to the west, with a huge dragon. By analogy, the easternmost point of the wall is called the "Head of the Dragon".

But if everything was so easy! The construction of northern defensive structures began in the 5th century BC, when China was disassembled in internecine warriors. Each dynasty built its site of a wall that would allow her to protect at least one enemy - in this case Hunni inhabited in the north. The dynasties were replaced, one ruling house tried a victory over the other, and every time the construction of the wall began to re-in different places, not always interconnected. Some parts reached us perfectly preserved, others are now barely distinguishable among the landscape. It turns out that this seemingly a single defensive structure can be fair to call the Great Chinese walls.

But still we are accustomed to talking about the wall in the singular - in many respects, thanks to the first Chinese emperor, Qin Schihuandi, who put an end to civil courtes, united the country and managed to build a single wall from separate plots of defensive walls, reliably covering the state from the north (although, of course, Even with it, the wall was not fully connected - often it did not allow to make a hard-to-reach area where construction was conducted). Somewhere I had to lay a new wall, in the sturdy areas of which the tourists are so fonding in our days, somewhere around the restoration of the old wall, which now is in poor condition, and somewhere it was decided and use the old parts from which now There were only hills alone. At the same time, many parts of the wall are generally unsupened in the total defensive line. And to figure out which one was truly part of the Great Wall, starting from the rule of Qin Shihuandi - the task is not easy.

This is interesting: The total length of all pieces of the wall is 21, 000 kilometers!

Of course, over the past hundred years, the borders of countries have changed a lot, and what was previously under the authority of Chinese emperors belongs to other states. For example, North Korea. But it is there that the present origin is the Great Wall of China. True, followers of the Juche idea are hardly carefully taken for a unique structure, therefore, on the territory of their state from once wide (5-8 meters) and high (6-7 meters), the Chinese Great Wall remained only ruins. Due to the fact that the ideology of North Korea and to afford can not even think that once their land belonged to strangers, there are no archaeological studies there, so you can only assume that the Great Wall begins somewhere north of modern Pyongyang.

The end of the Great Wall of China is far in the West and is probably somewhere in Zyutsuan district. It was there that the most western watchdogs dated 2 centuries BC were discovered. They were called "jade gates" and were simultaneously as a reference point on the border of China, and in the literal sense, through which the Great Silk Road ran out and where the fare from the merchants was charged.

Illustration: Depositphotos | @ lenkusa