Why does the white flag mean the surrender?

If the soldiers during the battle raised the White Flag, it means that they are ready to surrender or start negotiations; By the Parliamentar, the bearing white flag can not be opened fire. The Association of the White Flag with defeat and the surrender so firmly entered our life, that the expression "show the white flag" we use and in peacetime in various life situations. How did it happen that the white flag has become a generally accepted symbol of surrender throughout the land from ancient times and to the present day?

The first mentions about the White flag as a symbol of surrender belong to the times of the Ancient Chinese Dynasty Han (206 BC - 220 AD), but perhaps this symbol was used before.

The next mention of the White Flag is found in the works of the Roman historian Cornelia Tacitis. In his work "History" dated 109 AD, the writer mentions Roman soldiers who, passing out, raised the white flag. It happened in the Battle of Cremona's town, in the north of Italy, in 69, N.E., when the detachments of two applicants for the Roman throne came together in a duel: Avula Vitelly and Titus Vispecian. Before that, Roman soldiers capitulated, simply raising shields above their heads. Since then, even after the end of the Civil War in the Roman Empire, Roman soldiers began to always use the White Flag as a symbol of surrender or negotiations. And since the Roman military car was a model for other states, both during its power and after the decay of the empire, it is not surprising that the tradition was adopted by other world army and the symbol was well known.

But why is the white flag white? At this expense, historians have two versions, and most likely both they are true. Firstly, during the time of the Han dynasty and during the Roman Empire, the receipt of fabric painted with dyes of a certain color was rather an expensive occupation, and a bright piece of fabric was seen by a universal communication means between the two opposing parties. Secondly, the white flag color could not be confused with banners of warring parties, which usually decorated as brighter as possible. Imagine if surrounded by soldiers whose banners would be painted in red, instead of a white flag would have thrown a red flag. Their opponents would probably think that surrounded by decided to fight to the end and continue the battle.

Officially white flag as a capitulation symbol was adopted during the 1st and 2nd Hague conferences held in 1899 and 1907, since no country of the world has a completely white canvas as its flag.