The tattoo is called the application of an immentable pattern on the body by damage to the skin and under the skin of the coloring agent.
The first tattoos appeared more than 5 thousand years ago. Judging by the research, the art of coloring its own body has been applied to almost all peoples and tribes. For example, a person who lived in the Bronze Age was found in the Alpine Mountains, which is about 5 thousand years old. On the body of this person, scientists discovered well-preserved traces of tattoos.
Many diverse tattoos whose age is more than 4 thousand years, found on the skin of Egyptian mummies. Comparing drawings on the sarcophagas of the rulers of Egypt with drawings of tattoos, experts learn how the dead person belonged to what class. The Egyptians believed that in the afterburning world there is also a division into class, and the tattoo will become a kind of proof of belonging to nobility.
In many Polynesia tribes and Indonesia, the tattoo passed the social status of a person, and the art of its application was transmitted throughout many generations. In Japan, the female Aina tribe with drawing on the face showed their marital status. On the tattoo on the cheeks, lips and centuries the surroundings were determined, whether the woman was married, and whether she had children.
In New Zealand tribes, Maori widely spread "Moko" - a tattoo on the face in the form of a mask. In addition to the social status of these patterns, these patterns are a combat coloring. The drawing on the face of each person is so unique that it was often used as a personal signature.
In some places, the rules obliged to have a tattoo on each member of society. It even reached the fact that the absence of a tattoo was equated with something criminal. So, on the nukuro atoll, if a woman without drawing on the body gave birth to a child, he was immediately killed.
In Praslavyansky tribes for drawing tattoos used prints made of clay on the likeness of the press. With their help, the ornament was applied to the human body with a solid pattern, which was used in magical ceremonies when worshiping fertility god.
Many tattoos were applied with certain rites. For example, a special drawing showed that the young man was dedicated to the man. In addition, many nations have a different magic meaning. He had to protect children, patronize on the hunt and in battle, help rapid deliverance from diseases. But allegedly magic properties of tattoos tried to use not only all sorts of tribes. Another 1, 5-2 centuries ago, the British sailors did on the backs of a tattoo in the form of a huge crucifixion. Thus, they tried to avoid corporal punishments that were widespread at the time.
In some countries (for example, in Japan), the tattoos were used in the form of punishment. In ancient China, tattoos were made on prisoners of war and slaves, in order to complicate their escape or for identification. Such practice continued its existence in the XX century. "D" - such a sign was noted by deserters in Britain in the I World War. During the sacrifice of the German concentration camps, the numbers were obtained in the form of tattoos. The same thing happened in the regime camps of the Soviet Union.
Tattoos helped Japanese geisham to circle prohibitions on the showing of a naked body. They applied drawings throughout the body, imitating clothes, leaving clear only palms, feet and face.
At the end of the 18th century Captain Cook brought to Europe the New Zealand native, which was all covered with tattoos. His arrival caused a large excitement among the rich Europeans, for what followed the passion for the tattoos of the inhabitants of the old world. After you know, it began to be carried away and representatives of lower origin. For example, on the bodies of artisans, there were signs of those shops in which they worked.
The greatest flourishing of fashion on the tattoos fell by 50-60. XX century At this time, new schools, styles and directions of this art were formed. The main fans of the tattoo in the middle of the last century were representatives of rock and roll. Following his idols, tattoo began to apply a lot of young people.
Currently, the tattoo is a widespread phenomenon. For men, she is a symbol of masculinity, and for women's mysteriousness and sexuality.