Anyone in the modern world at least once heard of radiation. Basically, due to atomic weapons or accidents at nuclear power plants. Everyone knows that radiation is dangerous for living beings, but it is surrounded by many rumors and speculation, many of which do not correspond to reality. Below you will find a list of interesting facts about radiation, some of which may confirm your assumptions, while others, on the contrary, refute.
The teams of nuclear submarines during dive under the thickness of the water receive less radiation than people who walk under the open sky. This is due to the fact that the natural radiation background is quenched in the thick water, and the nuclear installation inside the ship is reliably protected by lead sheets that do not transmit radiation.
The average smoker per year receives a radiation dose, an identical dose derived from 250 X-rays of the chest. This is due to a radioactive polonium-210 contained in cigarette smoke.
Pilots and team working on board the aircraft, in a year with regular flights receive more radiation than employees of the nuclear power plant.
When cosmonauts on the ISS close the eyes, once a few minutes they see outbreaks. Scientists suggest that this may be associated with the emotion of high-energy particles on the retina.
Brazilian nuts are the most radioactive food on Earth. This is due to the fact that the roots of the tree leave very deep into the ground, absorbing the natural earth radiation contained in the potassium. However, it is not necessary to fear such radiation - the electron energy is not so large and caused by the damage to the tissues with time is restored.
Initially after the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki USA argued that radiation does not have a long effect. The information about the danger of radioactive infection after a long time after the bombardment was considered Japanese propaganda.
After Maria Curi opened radium, it was added to many household items, such as soap or toothpaste, as well as food. What for? Radium was considered healthy.
From 1950 to 1951, a children's toy was sold in the USA, imitating radiation research laboratory. The kit included scientific devices and ... radioactive elements. The toy was removed from the sale a year after the appearance on the shelves, but it was not due to safety, but because of low sales.
Illustration: Depositphotos | ArtPhotoss