On October 24, 1946, scientists located at the US Air Force Polygon in New Mexico's desert became the first in history by people who saw our land from space looks like. They looked at the grainy, black and white shot, made at an altitude of 105 km above sea level. Half of the frame occupied the earth's surface, and in the other half the black mysterious space is the goal of humanity in the coming decades.
This is interesting: Up to this point, the most "high" photo was removed in 1935 from a height of 22 km using a balloon. The photo was clearly visible to the ball shape of the Earth, however, it was still very far from space.
On the rocket V-2, better known as Fow-2, installed the camera, which made a series of pictures throughout the flight. The rocket went to the Suverbital trajectory and reached the maximum point at an altitude of 105 km, after which it rushed down, where he was crashed together with the camera. The film was pre-installed in a protective case, so he survived.
This is interesting: The official border between the atmosphere and space is recognized as a pocket line. Why it is so called and at what height is - read more in the article "What kind of space begins?".
The success of the mission became largely possible thanks to the world's first, FAu-2 suburbital rocket developed by German engineers. With her help, Hitler intended to be subject to bombardment England: destroy its industry and keep the civilian population in a panic. But the successes of German engineers who, during the war, could bring the rocket to mind, do not go to any comparison with the "success" of the German army, which retired under the Natius of the USSR and the Allies. Ultimately, most of the FAu-2 missiles were captured and used by the winning parties to create their own missiles and scientific experiments. In particular, scientists interested, as affecting the rocket flight through the atmosphere of the Earth, and as outside of its limits, cosmic radiation will affect the technique.
The obtained snapshots of the earth's surface outside the atmosphere caused a huge interest in the development of space in society, and in the period from 1946 to 1950, about 1000 photos of our planet were made using FA-2, and some of them from a height of 160 km above sea level.
This is interesting: 44 years. It was so much that time passed between the very first photograph of the Earth from the space and the longest photograph of the Earth from the space, filmed by Voyager-1 probe at a distance of 6, 054, 558, 968 km. Read more in article "The most distant photo of the Earth".