Bees are relatives of wasps and ants; they live on all continents except Antarctica. There are about 21 thousand species and 520 genera of bees. They feed on nectar and pollen for protein and other nutrients. Bees play an important role in the ecosystem, they pollinate flowering plants.
14 interesting facts about bees
- There are more bees around the world than other species of pollinating insects. Therefore, bees are very important in the world of pollination of food crops. More than a third of the food consumed by humanity depends on bee pollination.
- In the event of the death of a queen bee, a new queen is elected from among the young newly hatched larvae. After being elected, the queen is fed a special food called "Royal Jelly". This will allow the young larva to develop into a fertile queen.
- Bees live in hives or colonies. The queen rules the hive. The rest of the bees are divided into workers and a harem. The queen's job is to lay a huge number of eggs that will spawn a new hive. Worker bees are female. Their task is to collect pollen and nectar, build a hive, and protect against pests. The harem consists of males and their only task is to mate with the new queen.
- Royal jelly is a milk substance obtained by combining digested pollen, nectar, honey. Throughout her life, the queen feeds only on jelly, while workers can only eat jelly until they are ripe.
- Bees, like most other insects, can see between 300 and 600 nanometers. This means that they are unable to see the red tint. But they can see in the ultraviolet spectrum inaccessible to humans. Bees are excellent at distinguishing between dark and light colors.
- Bees will need to collect nectar from over two million flowers to make 1 liter of honey jar.
- Bees have two stomachs, one for food, and a second stomach to carry the nectar from flowers to the hive.
- In addition to the two large eyes, the bee has three black dots on the top of the head. These three eyes are called "ocelli", they cannot see the shape of objects, but they reflect light. So the bee can feel that danger is approaching it from somewhere above. The two normal eyes are made up of tiny lenses that show the bees a wide image.
- A dying bee can be transferred to a flower. Or mix white sugar with water in proportions 50 to 50 and bring it to the bee. This mixture will give an energy boost to the bee, provide it with carbohydrates and bring it back to life.
- Bees actually have two sets of wings that are attached to their ribcages. The front wings are much larger than the rear wings. The bees can connect both sets of wings and unhook the rear ones when not needed.
- Bees can survive up to 9 months in cold seasons. However, in the summer seasons, bees rarely live longer than 42 days. Most often, due to the hard work of collecting nectars, they die earlier.
- Bee venom toxin contains melittin, which can prevent HIV. Scientists are on the way to developing gels based on bee venom.
- The curvature and deformity of the arms caused by rheumatoid arthritis can be cured by bee stings. Bee venom molecules increase glucocorticoid levels in the human body. An anti-inflammatory hormone is called a glucocorticoid.
- The queen of the hive lives the longest, over five years. In the summer months, she is capable of laying 2, 000 eggs per day.