Lynx is an amazing representative of the feline family. Unlike other relatives, the lynx is able to survive even in the harsh northern conditions, it is found even in the Arctic Circle. Once lynxes lived throughout Europe, but already in the twentieth century in many countries, as a result of uncontrolled hunting by humans, they were almost completely exterminated. There is even a belief that if a person saw a lynx - to good luck. Unless, of course, he himself becomes a victim of a predator. True, cases of lynx attacks on humans are rare, but a wounded animal can be very dangerous.
11 Interesting Facts About Lynx
- It is believed that the very name "lynx" came from the Old Slavic language, and means "red". In Russia, hunting for this animal was very common, since the lynx's fur is warm and beautiful. Vladimir Monomakh, who wrote his famous "Instruction" in 1117, recalled how a "fierce beast" rushed at him while hunting. Many researchers of the "Teachings" are sure that it was Lynx. Although, some believe that even leopards could be found in the Chernigov forests in the XII century. The lynx is currently listed in the Red Book.
- The lynx is always very aggressive towards foxes. The thing is that the lynx sometimes gets much more meat during the hunt than it can eat at one time. The animal hides the rest of its prey for a "rainy day". Well, cunning foxes are not averse to feasting on free meat. Therefore, when meeting a fox, a lynx always tries to destroy a competitor. Most often, the lynx does not eat a killed fox, but simply throws it away. If it is possible to find a fox hole, then the lynx destroys the foxes too. An adult lynx requires about two kilograms of meat per day.
- The constellation Lynx can be seen in the night sky of the Northern Hemisphere. But it is very difficult to see it with the naked eye, since there are no bright stars in the constellation. This constellation was discovered not so long ago, only in 1690 by the Polish astronomer Jan Hevelius, who became famous also for the development of telescopes of his own design. Why did Hevelius name the constellation he discovered in honor of the lynx? According to him, in order to see it, you need to have excellent eyesight, which a lynx has.
- The lynx is distinguished from other felines not only by its peculiar color, but also by beautiful tassels on the ears. Moreover, they serve the beast not at all for beauty. Scientists have proven that if these brushes are removed, then the lynx's hearing is sharply reduced. The lynx hears much better not only a person, but even a dog. There is information that the lynx can hear the steps of a walking person for several kilometers. It is very difficult to meet a lynx during the day; it prefers to be nocturnal.
- Unlike most felines, the lynx is not afraid of water, it is able to overcome even cold northern rivers by swimming, its thick fur protects it from hypothermia. There is another stereotype about the lynx - it prefers to rush to the victim. This is not so, more often the beast arranges a ground ambush for itself, from which it suddenly attacks. Although, the animal, with the help of sharp claws, can easily climb tall trees.
- The lynx's favorite prey is hares. With a sufficient number of them, the lynx prefers to lead a sedentary lifestyle, but, with a reduction in the food supply, it begins to wander, overcoming tens of kilometers in one day. Sometimes birds, young wild boars and moose become victims of lynx. And if necessary, you even have to hunt mice.
- Pregnancy in a female lynx lasts about seventy days. Usually 2-3 cubs are born, the weight of which is only 250-300 grams. On the 12th day, their eyes open. For about one and a half years, they are next to their mother, after which they begin an independent life. The weight of an adult male can reach 30 kg, while a female is lighter - 20-25 kg. Life expectancy in the wild is up to 20 years. Adult lynxes, most often, lead a solitary lifestyle, creating pairs only during the mating season.
- The image of the lynx is quite common in heraldry, personifying wisdom and sagacity. For example, the golden lynx is depicted on the emblem of the rural settlement of Ilimskoye. The coat of arms was officially approved on June 17, 2013. The lynx is often a symbol of the settlements of the Urals and Siberia.
- In pursuit of prey, the lynx is capable of jumping up to four meters in length. In addition, the lynx is an excellent sprinter, capable of chasing a prey at high speed, however, after a few tens of meters, the speed drops sharply.
- Despite the fact that the lynx is a very cautious predator, it gets used to humans quite easily, especially if a cub falls into the hands of people. However, it must be borne in mind that the lynx, like all felines, has an independent character, and this can manifest itself at any time. Sometimes a lynx can even be seen in the circus arena.
- In 1991, the production of universal snowmobiles with the name "Lynx" was launched in Ufa. They are able to overcome impressive distances off-road and even withstand operation at temperatures of minus 40 degrees. That is, they are hardy, like the animal in whose honor they were named.