Many must be curious about the origin of the expression "scapegoat." This term has its roots in the Hebrew rite of cleansing from sins. This is how it is described in the Old Testament, Leviticus.
“And Aaron will lay both his hands on the head of the living goat, and confess over him all the iniquities of the children of Israel and all their transgressions and all their sins, and put them on the head of the goat, and send them off with a messenger into the wilderness. And the he-goat will carry all their iniquities into an impassable land, and he will send the he-goat into the wilderness ”(Lev. 16: 21-22).
Apparently it was from here that the popular image of the Devil with goat hooves and horns arose.
The rite of sending the goat was necessary because the people of Israel could not continue to communicate with the Most High until the sins and crimes that separated from Him were “driven out”. Unlike the sacrifices, which symbolized the atonement for the sins of individuals, the purpose of driving the goat was to symbolically lay the sins of the entire Israelite people and "forgive" them back to where they came from - into the desert, which in the Holy Scriptures was considered a refuge for demons.
This order, as described in the Book of Leviticus for the people of Israel, is reflected in our daily life - I mean the use of scapegoats. When we do unrighteousness, we cannot always bear the burden of guilt for our actions on our own.
This is where we resort to the help of the "scapegoats". By passing our sins onto someone or something, by shifting responsibility from ourselves, we hope to be freed from the unbearable burden of guilt.