Interesting facts about cats

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  1. Cats and humans share the same brain regions for emotions.
  2. A cat's heart rate is double that of a human's (110 to 140 beats per minute).
  3. Cats take 20 to 40 breaths per minute.
  4. Licking wool uses the same amount of fluid as urinating.
  5. Normal body temperature in cats is about 38 degrees. This is slightly more than that of a human.
  6. Calico and tortie are only found in cats, never in cats.
  7. There are 230 bones in a cat skeleton. (Some references name 245 and claim that bones can heal as they grow older.) A person has 206.
  8. A cat has 30 vertebrae in its spine - five more than a human.
  9. An adult cat has 30 teeth (a dog has 42) - 12 incisors, 10 small molars, 4 canines and 4 main molars. In kittens, milk teeth change to permanent ones by the age of seven months.
  10. About 10% of all bones are in the tail. The tail helps the cat to maintain balance.
  11. There are 517 muscles in a cat's body. A person has 650.
  12. A cat has 32 muscles in each ear (there are six in humans), and they use at least twelve muscles to control the ear. A cat's ear rotates 180 degrees, and does so ten times faster than a dog.
  13. Cats hear much better than humans. The range of perception is up to 65 kHz (in humans - up to 20 kHz).
  14. Unlike dogs and humans, a cat cannot move its jaw from side to side, but only up and down.
  15. Many cat breeds do not have eyelashes.
  16. Cats can distinguish colors. Experiments have proven that cats can distinguish between red and green; Red and blue; red and gray; green and blue; green and gray; blue and gray; yellow and blue, and yellow and gray!
  17. Cats can see up to 60 meters. The field of view is 185 and the peripheral vision is about 285 degrees.
  18. Blue-eyed white cats are often deaf.
  19. Color blindness occurs in cats. Their color blindness is similar to human - red seems to them green, and green - red.
  20. Cats are not very good at seeing fine details.
  21. Cats need only 1 / 6th of the light needed by humans to see. Their night vision is amazing! In the dark, the cat's eye even uses the light reflected from the retina.
  22. Cats have round, slanting and almond-shaped eyes.
  23. A kitten's eye color can change with age.
  24. At birth, kittens cannot see or hear. They open their eyes at 7-10 days, and their vision and hearing develop at 2 weeks. They begin to walk at 20 days.
  25. The surface pattern of a cat's nose is as unique as a human fingerprint.
  26. Cats smell 14 times stronger than humans. They have 60 - 80 million olfactory receptors (in humans - 5 - 20 million).
  27. In addition to the nose, cats can detect odors through the so-called Jacobson tube, located on the upper palate behind the front incisors. The cat uses it when it completely concentrates on some particularly interesting smell, drawing in air, slightly lifting the upper lip and nose.
  28. Whiskers help the cat to determine if it will fit through the hole. In total, the cat has 24 main whiskers, located in four rows on each side. The cat can control the two upper rows independently of the lower ones.
  29. If a cat's sides protrude further than the cheeks, then it loses its correct perception. Don't be surprised if your cat climbs into a hole that one part of it won't crawl through!
  30. A cat weighs 3-5 kilograms on average.
  31. Giraffe, Camel, and Cat are the only amble animals, walking with their left legs first and then their right legs. Walking like this guarantees speed, agility and silence.
  32. A cat only sweats on the paw pads. Perhaps you noticed wet prints on the table after the examination or veterinary examination when you took the cat away?
  33. Cats in a litter usually have 1-8 kittens. On average, a cat is capable of producing 2-3 litters per year.
  34. A cat can have more than 100 kittens in its life.
  35. Kittens from different fathers may be in the same litter.
  36. One pair of cats and their offspring can produce 420, 000 kittens in 7 years.
  37. More than 35, 000 kittens are born each year in the United States alone. Be sure to castrate or neuter your pet if you do not plan to use it as a breeder.
  38. A cat can become an adult as early as five months, and a cat needs nine months to a year for this. Most breeds only reach full maturity by the age of two!
  39. When drinking, the cat picks up liquid with the underside of the tongue rather than the top.
  40. Pimples on the tongue help the cat to lick cleanly.
  41. Cats purr at a diesel engine idle speed of 26 hertz, both on inhalation and exhalation.
  42. On the forepaws of cats - 5 fingers, on the hind legs - 4. During polydacty, 2 extra toes were fixed on the front and 1 on the hind legs. It is said that Hemingway had many cats with extra toes, and their descendants can still be found at his home on Key West.
  43. Cats lean on their toes when walking.
  44. While running, the domestic cat can jerk at speeds of up to 50 kilometers per hour.
  45. There are more than 500 million domestic cats in the world, which are subdivided into 33 main breeds (about a hundred in total).
  46. In 1987, cats overtook dogs in the United States, reaching 50 million. In 1996, their number reached almost 68 million. American Demographics estimates they make 200 million yawns an hour and sleep 425 million times a day!
  47. According to the University of Lyon (France), Australia has the largest number of cats, where there are 9 cats per 10 inhabitants. On the Asian continent, Indonesia ranks first, with more than 30 million furry animals, and in Europe, France, whose inhabitants have 8 million cats in their care. At the same time, there are countries, for example Peru, Gabon, where the domestic cat is almost never found.
  48. 25% of breeders dry their cats after being blown dry.
  49. A cat, hunting mice, saves up to 10 tons of grain per year. In England, cats are used to guard granaries and other food warehouses, they are officially put on ration. Cats also guard books and other British Museum relics from mice. And in Austria, a cat that has served as a warehouse guard for several years is entitled to a lifelong pension issued by milk, meat and broth.
  50. If a cat is near you and its tail is trembling, this is the greatest feeling of love that it can express. When the tail begins to fall, it means that the mood has changed - you can move away, she will not be offended.
  51. Cats wag their tails when faced with a choice, with one desire blocking the other. For example, if a cat is standing in a doorway and wants to go out, and it is raining outside, the tail will swing due to internal conflict. The cat wants to go out, but does not want to get wet. As soon as she makes a decision (to stay at home, or go out in the rain), the tail will immediately stop swinging.
  52. With pleasure, cats release and retract their claws, spreading their fingers.
  53. Cats never meow to each other. This sound is especially for people.
  54. The cat loves the owner and can "read" his mood. If you are sad or stressed, you may notice a change in your cat's behavior as well.
  55. Do not grab a kitten or cat by the scruff of the neck. Only cats can do this harmlessly, and only with their kittens.
  56. The average lifespan of a domestic cat is 15 years, while that of a wild cat is 3 to 5 years.
  57. Since 1930, the average life span of cats has doubled!
  58. How old is your cat by human standards? If your cat is 3 years old, this corresponds to a human's 21 years. If 8 years, then humanly - 40. If 14, then 70 human years.
  59. People with pets live longer and are less prone to stress and heart attacks.
  60. Cats eat grass such as oats, parsley, and sage. Plant a garden for your cat at home! But be careful - many plants are dangerous to cats.
  61. The behavior of most cats in the home is similar to that in nature. The cat kills moving prey, but not necessarily for food. Understanding that hunting is about getting food is an acquired skill.
  62. A falling cat always acts the same way. First the head is aligned, then the back, then the legs, and at the end the back arches to soften the landing.
  63. Sociable cats follow you from room to room to control your actions.
  64. If your cat is killing furniture, try giving the area a lemon or orange scent. Cats hate these smells. Spray an orange or lemon air freshener on the Christmas tree if your cat is “mountain climbing”.
  65. Cats understand tone of voice. When talking to cats, remember the tone of voice. Cats know when you are angry with them (although they may not show you).
  66. Cats not only purr with pleasure, but also express pain or fear. Cats often purr when giving birth or when petting kittens.
  67. Cats rub against humans to "kill" other people's smells. The smell comes from the glands that are located between the eye and ear and at the base of the tail.
  68. Give your cat water at least once a day. If she refuses water, then it is possible that she smells chlorine or other impurities in the water. Many cats are finicky and can spill bad water from a bottle, just like humans.
  69. Do not put your cat on a vegetarian diet. Cats need protein to live well.
  70. Never feed your cat dog food. The protein requirement of cats is five times greater than that of dogs.
  71. Cats are more active in the evening.
  72. Cats groom themselves 30% of the time when awake.
  73. The cat jumps easily to a height of five times its height.
  74. If the ribs are not felt, the cat is too fat.
  75. Your cat is not necessarily right-handed or left-handed. 40% of cats use two paws, while another 60% prefer the right or left paw.
  76. Cats love heights. Also love the height of leopards and jaguars that sleep in trees. If the cat falls, its inner ear, which controls the balance, helps it land on its feet.
  77. Domestic cats are essentially loners. When placed in a group, they develop their own hierarchy there. As long as they have a lot of food, they can learn how to share food with others.
  78. Cats are more aggressive when not neutered (spayed).
  79. 21% of American households have cats. 34% of Americans who have cats have an income of $ 60, 000 or more. 32% of those who own their own home own at least one cat.
  80. If a cat bites when it is stroked, it does not mean that it is angry, it just does not like it.
  81. Never leave your cat alone in a car. In summer, the car can heat up quickly even with the windows open.
  82. The ability of cats to find their way home at ultra-long distances by using the Earth's gravitational field to determine their location.
  83. If a cat sleeps with all four paws tucked under it, this is cold weather.
  84. Americans spend four billion dollars each year on cat food. That's one billion dollars more than they spend on infant food!
  85. Modern cats are descended from myacids, small animals that live in trees. They existed over 40 million years ago. The first representatives of modern felines emerged about 12 million years ago.
  86. Cats were tamed by the Egyptians, it happened about 5 thousand years ago. Dogs were domesticated about the same number of years earlier.
  87. Cats appeared in Europe around 900 BC, brought by the Phoenicians.
  88. Pilgrims brought cats to America in the 17th century.
  89. The first cat show was held in England in 1871.
  90. Sir Isaac Newton, who discovered the law of attraction, also invented the door for cats.
  91. 95% of cat owners admit to talking to cats.
  92. The ancient Egyptians shaved their eyebrows as a sign of mourning when they lost their beloved cat.
  93. In the 936 code of law of King Howell the Good of Wales, there was a provision according to which the following punishment was introduced for killing or stealing a cat: the killed animal was hung by the tail, and the culprit had to cover the cat with wheat so that it was completely covered with grains ... Then all the wheat was given to the owner.
  94. In Siam, cats were so respected that they were carried in a carriage at the head of the procession during the coronation of the new king.
  95. The early Christians were very positive about the cat. Suffice it to say that in convents she was the only allowed pets. Well, cats also lived in monasteries. Some researchers believe that it was the monasteries in the early Middle Ages that contributed to the spread of the cat across Europe.
  96. In Scotland, the cat was the symbol of the brave warrior. For many worthy clans, fierce cats adorned the family coats of arms on shields and banners.
  97. The official symbol of the US state of Maryland since October 2001 is the Calico cat.
  98. The Maneki Neko statuette, popular in Japan and attracting good luck, is almost always performed in the form of a stylized Kaliko cat.