Interesting facts about turtles

Turtles have inhabited our planet for over two hundred million years. In development, they turned out to be better than mammals, birds, crocodiles, snakes and even lizards. The ancestors of the turtles known today were very similar to them, with one exception that they had teeth and could not hide their heads in a shell. It is very interesting that:

- Turtles have good eyesight, excellent sense of smell, hearing and touch, moreover, their shell contains nerve endings;

- They eat plant or animal food, depending on their habitat;

- Cold-blooded, their body temperature depends on the temperature of the external environment;

- Several species of turtles are long-lived. So, once a case of a long-lived turtle from the Indian Ocean was recorded. When she was caught, her age was estimated at 50 years, later she lived for another 152 years in captivity;

- Turtles live everywhere except cold Antarctica;

- Turtles live in almost any climate, warm enough for them to complete their breeding cycle;

- All turtles do not like the cold, but there is one species, namely the Blanding turtle, which swims under the ice in the Great Lakes region (USA, Canada);

- In temperate and cold climates, they immediately hibernate or move very little;

- The size of the turtles can be either the smallest (marsh turtle Emys orbicularis - 10 cm) or the largest (leatherback turtle Dermochelys coriacea weighs 600 kg);

- In North America, most of the species of turtles live, while in Europe there are only a few;

- The main domed part of the turtle shell is called the shell. It consists of an average of 60 different bones connected together. The bony part is covered with shields that provide additional protection;

- Turtles have five fingers on a limb, with the exception of some species, which have four or even three fingers;

- Some aquatic turtles can absorb oxygen through the skin on the neck and other areas of the body, allowing them to remain submerged for extended periods of time, for example, for wintering purposes;