Few now remember that in the battles for the Crimea, the Russian army conducted several campaigns and this war lasted with interruptions for several centuries. The last company ended in 1878. It is not known how many people died and what gigantic sums were spent on this, but after only less than two centuries, a man was found who simply took and presented an outlet to the sea, tortured by sweat and blood, to a completely different country and his name was Nikita Sergeevich Khrushchev.
And it was like this:
The son of a miner from the Crimean province, Nikita Khrushchev, in his youth, surprised everyone with his peasant assertiveness and ingenuity, which more than compensated for the lack of education. Having joined the ranks of the Red Army in 1918, he quickly moved to the top on the political side and already in 1938 he held the post of First Secretary of the Ukrainian SSR. And after Stalin's death, Khrushchev became the first person in the Soviet Union.
On February 19, 1954, the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR adopted a decree on the transfer of the Crimean region from the RSFSR to the Ukrainian SSR. Thanks to this document, Crimea was, in fact, donated by Khrushchev to Ukraine.
In those years, the transfer of the Crimean region from the RSFSR to the Ukrainian SSR within the framework of the "indestructible" Soviet Union was a simple formality. Ukraine received Crimea as a "tsarist gift" on the occasion of the 300th anniversary of reunification with Russia. Then no one could even imagine that the USSR would disintegrate and Ukraine would become "independent".
Historians explain Nikita Sergeevich's generosity quite simply. Having come to power after Stalin's death, debunking the cult of personality and condemning repression, the leader of the state himself was involved in many repressive cases. As the first secretary of the Central Committee of the Ukrainian Communist Party in 1938-1947, he himself waged an active struggle against the "enemies of the people" and, to some extent to atone for the guilt of Ukraine and enlist the support of the Ukrainian "elite", Khrushchev made a broad gesture. Gave the republic a whole resort peninsula!
The first secretary informed his party comrades about his decision, as if by the way, during a break at one of the sessions of the Central Committee Presidium, on his way to lunch. “Yes, comrades, there is an opinion here to transfer Crimea to Ukraine, ” he said in passing. No one had the courage to protest. The desire of the first person of the ruling party is the law.
On the agenda of the next meeting of the Presidium of the Central Committee of the CPSU, held on January 25, 1954, the 11th item was the issue "On the transfer of the Crimean region from the RSFSR to the Ukrainian SSR." The question took 15 minutes. They listened and decided: "To approve the draft Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on the transfer of the Crimean region from the RSFSR to the Ukrainian SSR."
Nobody objected, nobody doubted the expediency and political consequences. No one even had a question: how will the population of Crimea, almost completely Russian, react to this? It turned out that "such important issues as the territorial relocation of individual regions to a particular republic are resolved without any difficulty."
According to the law, the issue then had to be brought up for open discussion of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR, to find out at the referendums the opinion of the inhabitants of both republics - and the Crimea itself, and only then to hold an all-Union referendum. But they did without it: on February 19, 1954, the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR met, and only 13 of its 27 members were present. There was no quorum, however, for "the greatest friendly act, testifying to the boundless trust and love of the Russian people for the Ukrainian people", they voted unanimously ...
On July 16, 1990, the Supreme Soviet adopted the Declaration on State Sovereignty of the Ukrainian SSR. And a year later, Ukraine became samastiyna, but for some reason forgot to return Crimea back.
In 1992, the illegality of the transfer was officially recognized by the Supreme Soviet of Russia.
Now the region is called the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, and it does not include the south-west of the peninsula, subordinate to the Sevastopol City Council, which is a unit of national subordination and the northern half of the Arabat Spit, which is part of the Kherson region.
The region is part of Ukraine, despite the fact that about 60% of those living there are Russians. Ukraine pays money for the maintenance of the Black Sea Fleet in the region of the Russian Federation, and the lease expires in 2017.