The search for the legendary library of Ivan the Terrible has been going on for hundreds of years. Everywhere they tried to find this unique book collection - in the Kremlin, in Aleksandrovskaya Sloboda, in Vologda. At the moment, all searches have yielded no results. But, on the territory of our capital, a huge number of treasures were buried, both found and those that remain in the ground.
In the 18th century Ivan Osipov lived in Zaryadye, he is also the famous Moscow robber Vanka Kain. Legends circulated in Moscow that untold treasures were hidden somewhere near his house. Cain himself was arrested and exiled to hard labor, but even under torture he did not reveal the secret - where the treasure was hidden. Several years ago, 20 kg of silver coins were discovered in the Zaryadye park. But, this treasure had nothing to do with Vanka Cain - it was buried much earlier, in the XV-XVII centuries.
An interesting treasure was found at the beginning of the 19th century during the repair of the towers and walls of the Kremlin. The builders dug up a bronze bowl (brother) with copper coins. The uniqueness of the find was that the bowl was made at the end of the 16th - beginning of the 17th centuries, but the coins were ancient Roman. On the bowl was the inscription: "Brother of a kind man." The treasure was acquired by the famous Moscow collector P.F.Karabanov.
One of the largest coin hoards in Moscow was discovered on April 20, 1996 on the territory where the Old Gostiny Dvor is located. 95, 249 silver Russian kopecks and 335 thalers were hidden in two jugs. This money probably belonged to a wealthy merchant in the 17th century.
In 1970, in Ipatievsky Lane, during excavation work, 74 kilograms of Spanish silver coins of the 17th century were found. They were folded into a copper basin and were at a depth of about six meters. At that time, Spanish coins, like coins of other European countries, were imported to Russia in large quantities. Moreover, not as a means of payment, but for coinage into Russian coins, since our country was experiencing a shortage of silver.
In one of the old houses on Tverskaya Street, during the replacement of floors, three "cast-iron" bars were found. For several years they were used for economic purposes. For example, as oppression when salting. But, it seemed to some of the tenants that the "cast iron" is too heavy. It turned out that the bars were made of pure gold, and the weight of each was 2.5 kilograms. I had to deal with the history of the house. It turned out that in the era of tsarist Russia a wealthy banker lived here. He probably disguised gold as cast iron.
In 1988, a treasure was found on the territory of the Kremlin, consisting of more than 300 items. Archaeologists named this find "The Great Kremlin Treasure". It included: silver grivnas, bracelets, beads, rings. It is assumed that all these treasures belonged to the family of the Moscow prince Vladimir Yurievich. And they were hidden in 1238 during the siege of Moscow by Batu's army.
On May 27, 1606, False Dmitry I was dethroned and killed in Moscow. Soon it turned out that a fabulous sum for that time - 300, 000 rubles - had disappeared from the treasury without a trace. It was not possible to find them, but there are rumors that they are hidden somewhere in Moscow. Another mystery, no less curious than the library of Ivan the Terrible.