Joseph Jagger - the engineer who beat roulette

There is a widespread belief that in order to make money in a casino, one has to be the owner of the casino. But history knows cases when, thanks to their intelligence and ingenuity, ordinary people managed to beat the casino on a large scale. One of the first people who managed to beat the roulette wheel was Joseph Jaggger.

It is known that Joseph Jagger was born around 1830, and also that he was the ancestor of the famous rock musician from the Rolling Stones - Mick Jagger. Jagger worked as a mechanical engineer in a cotton mill in Halifax, Yorkshire, and during his free time, the engineer liked to stop by the casinos. During the next game of roulette, the inquisitive mind of the engineer made Jagger think about the randomness of the numbers. Thanks to the knowledge he gained about the mechanisms used in the production of cotton, he admitted that all wheels made for playing roulette are slightly different from each other, since they have minor defects in their design. This allowed him to assume that due to a certain mechanical imperfection on some roulettes, some numbers will appear more often than others.

Jagger hired six people to play roulette at the Beaux-Arts casino in Monte Carlo. Their task was to record all the numbers that fell out. After Jagger received enough data to analyze, he found that one of the six wheels very often dropped the numbers 7, 8, 9, 17, 18, 19, 22, 28 and 29. With this information, Jagger went to the casino to become an incredibly wealthy person in a very short period of time and to write your name in the history of gambling forever.

Over the next days, he took out about $ 300, 000 from the casino cashier. Naturally, other players quickly noticed that Jagger was playing at the same table and betting on certain numbers, so they started doing the same.

Naturally, the administration of the casino noticed this, so after a few days they changed places of the roulette wheels. Therefore, Jagger, arriving at the casino on the fifth day, was surprised that he was constantly losing, but he quickly realized that the roulette wheel at his table was not the same wheel that had brought him winnings for the last four days.

Jagger left his seat and began looking for a roulette table, at which he was lucky. Having found it, he continued the game, and brought the amount of his winnings to $ 450, 000.

The casino had one last ace up its sleeve. The roulette wheels were designed in such a way that on their surface there were removable decorative plates with dividers for numbers. And every night, after the casino closed, they began to turn the wheel covers in an arbitrary way.

After two days of constant losses, losing $ 125, 000, Jaggers decided to stop and left Monte Carlo. He took with him an amount of 325, 000 US dollars, which in modern money would amount to several million dollars.

It is interesting that the famous American writer Jack London was the first to tell the story of Jagger's roulette game in his adventure novel Smoke Bellew, although he did it on behalf of the American protagonist Chris Bellew.