The dollar is the most stable and popular currency in the world, but this statement applies only to the official US currency - the US dollar, or as the American common people say "greenback", as countries such as Australia, Belize, Canada, New Zealand, Singapore, Taiwan, Brunei and a few others also have "dollars" as their official currency.
As for American dollars, or "greenbacks" or "bucks", this interesting nickname stuck to the dollar from the name of interest-free pay-at-sight bills issued in the United States in 1861 during the Civil War, which had a green reverse side.
$ 100 - today the largest banknote issued in the United States, although previously they printed banknotes of $ 500, $ 1000, $ 5000 and $ 10, 000. The largest bill in US history - $ 100, 000 - was issued only until 1945, although the official ban on the issue of this bill, and all other bills over $ 100 was signed by Richard Nixon on July 14, 1969. However, absolutely all banknotes issued by the US government since 1861 and are still accepted without restrictions and have full face value. The dollar has never been depreciated in history!
$ 100 is the most popular banknote in all countries where the US currency is popular, except for the United States itself, in whose territory this denomination is very rarely used, since it is too large to pay for small purchases or services. In addition, the majority of the population in the United States has long been using bank cards for large transactions.
Many believe that on the 1 dollar banknote, the symbols written at the base of the pyramid on the reverse side - MDCCLXXVI - are the encrypted symbols of the Masons. Moreover, this pyramid is part of the US official seal and it is believed that it itself symbolizes power, and its thirteen steps are the first 13 states, and the absence of a top means the need for further work.
The 2-dollar bill is not a funny fake, but legal tender. 2 dollars appeared in 1862, but in 1966 the issue was discontinued and only ten years later, in honor of the 200th anniversary of the United States, a limited edition was released. Currently, 2-dollar bills make up only 1% of all paper currency in circulation and, contrary to popular belief, they do not cost more than their face value - two dollars.
Interestingly, since 1929, portraits of the same historical figures have been printed on US banknotes, and most dollar bills depict American presidents - George Washington, Abraham Lincoln, Andrew Jackson. However, there are two exceptions - Alexander Hamilton on a 10-dollar bill (a prominent leader of the US Revolutionary War, statesman and ideologist) and Benjamin Franklin on a 100-dollar bill (the founder of the American Dream and America's "founding father", newspaper editor, inventor of the lightning rod) ... The only woman immortalized in US paper money is Martha Washington. Her portrait was printed on a 1 dollar silver certificate issued in 1886, 1891 and 1896. Interestingly, despite the fact that racial equality is officially supported in the United States, in the entire history of the dollar, African Americans have not been depicted on it.
"In God We Trust" or "We believe in God" - this inscription appeared on American coins in 1864, and almost 100 years later these words became a national motto and today its use is mandatory on all US banknotes.
The approximate weight of one banknote, regardless of its denomination, is 1 gram.
The composition of the paper on which the US dollars are printed includes linen - 25% and cotton - 75%. The banknotes are neutral in color, interspersed with the smallest synthetic fibers of different lengths in red and blue. The banknote is very strong and needs to be folded in half 4, 000 times to make it fray when bent.
Interestingly, the US dollar is the main currency of the world drug trade and 97% of all bills in circulation have traces of cocaine on them.
There are also other types of dollars:
The Antarctic Dollar is the unofficial currency of the Antarctic continent, created by a group of enthusiasts who founded the Antarctic Overseas Bank in 1996. However, due to the fact that Antarctica is not a state, it cannot have its own currency.
The Australian dollar is the official currency of the Commonwealth of Australia, Christmas Island, Cocos and Norfolk Islands, Kiribati, Nauru and Tuvalu. The Australian dollar is the sixth most traded currency in the world and accounts for 5% of the world's foreign exchange transactions. Australian dollar banknotes are made from special plastic.
The New Zealand dollar is the currency of New Zealand, Niue, Cook Islands, Tokelau, and Pitcairn. The people call this currency - "kiwi", in honor of the national bird of New Zealand.
There are also Bahamian dollar, Barbados dollar, Belize dollar, Bermuda dollar, Brunei dollar and Gonkog dollar, Zimbabwean dollar and Cayman Islands dollar, Canadian dollar, Liberian dollar, Mongolian dollar, Namibian dollar, Niue dollar and Cook Islands dollar, Proiv dollar and Singapore dollar, Solomon Islands dollar, New Taiwan dollar, Trinidad and Tabago dollar, Tuvalo dollar, Fijian and Jamaican dollar.