In the era of the late USSR, when many in our country began to doubt that communism would ever be built, and the tsarist past no longer seemed an era of hopeless darkness, the song about Lieutenant Golitsyn and the cornet Obolensky suddenly became extremely popular. It is interesting that the author of the song remained unknown. Some argued that officers of the White Army sang about Golitsyn and Obolensky, others believed that it was written at a much later period.
There was no evidence that the song was included in the repertoire of the White Guards, but in the seventies it was already performed in the Soviet Union. Not open air, of course. In one of the lines, the cornet of Obolensky is called upon to "put on the medals." And how many orders did he have?
If you are not interested in the history of the tsarist army, then in the image of Obolensky's cornet, a certain experienced warrior who has seen a lot on his battle path can appear, and numerous orders adorned the chest of this cornet. At the same time, the song does not say anything about the awards of Lieutenant Golitsyn, senior in rank. His task is to distribute cartridges.
Let's try to refer to the reference books. And they say that the cornet is a junior officer's rank in the cavalry. Accordingly, an officer in the rank of a cornet must be a young, just a young man who has just entered the service.
Now let's try to establish - what award could a young cornet receive? A soldier in this rank could have three awards - the Order of St. Stanislav 3rd degree, the Order of St. Anna 4th degree and the highest military award of Russia - the Order of St. George. Also 4th degree.
Suppose that for some feat in battle, the cornet Obolensky was immediately awarded the Order of St. George. Why not, young age is not a hindrance to a heroic deed. But, there is one non-docking. Awarding with such an order automatically gave the right to be awarded the next rank. This means that Obolensky would no longer be a cornet, but a lieutenant. So is Golitsyn.
True, since 1917, it was allowed to award the Order of St. George of the 4th degree to the lower ranks, if they performed the duties of an officer in battle. But, for Obolensky, this option is practically impossible. The Obolenskys are an old princely family. Their representative could not serve in the army as a simple soldier. Therefore, it should be admitted - St. George on the chest of the cornet Obolensky simply could not be.
The orders of Anna and Svyatoslav remain. The Order of St. Anne had 4 degrees. It was the 4th degree that junior officers were often awarded, and young Obolensky could well be among the cavaliers. But it is impossible to “put on” this award - Anna's order cross of the 4th degree was attached to the hilt of a cold weapon. As well as a lanyard (belt) in the form of an order ribbon.
The cornet could be awarded with the Order of St. Svyatoslav. It was a small cross worn on the chest in a buttonhole. It turns out that of all the numerous orders Obolensky could only "wear" Svyatoslav 3rd degree.
But, you see, it is difficult to insert into the song line the order: "Cornet Obolensky, put on the Order of St. Svyatoslav 3rd degree!"