Hussars are lightly armed cavalrymen of the 15th-20th centuries. But there is no consensus about what the word "hussar" means. Many military historians claim that it comes from the Hungarian word husz, which means "twentieth". The first hussar regiments appeared in the 15th century in Hungary, every twentieth nobleman was conscripted in them. Others are convinced that the word came from the Latin language, where cursus means "raid".
In our country, hussars appeared during the reign of the first Romanovs. They are mentioned in documents from 1634. Moreover, these units were formed from foreigners - Germans and Poles. Hussar regiments, formed from Russian soldiers and officers, appeared in Russia under Catherine II.
Napoleonic Marshal Joachim Murat often repeated the phrase: "A real hussar never lives to 35 years old." In part, this French commander was right - the hussar service was not only honorable, but also dangerous, they were thrown into the most critical areas. Murat himself lived for 48 years, but his fate was tragic. In 1815 he was shot in Naples.
Zhzhenka is a favorite hussar drink. Two bottles of champagne, a bottle of rum, a bottle of sauternes were poured into a saucepan, 2 pounds of sugar and finely chopped pineapple were added. Then this mixture was boiled, poured into a porcelain vase, two swords were placed on top with a cross, and a piece of sugar was placed on them. Sugar was poured over with rum and set on fire. Once all the sugar has melted, the drink is ready.
The ritual "acceptance into the hussars" was associated with burnt. If a young officer "came to court, " he underwent a rite of passage - he was allowed to drink burnt drinks with senior colleagues, after which they began to treat him as an equal.
Alexander Alexandrovich Pushkin, son of the great poet, during the Russian-Turkish war of 1877-1878. was the commander of the Narva hussar regiment, was awarded the Order of St. Vladimir of the 4th degree with swords and a bow, as well as the golden weapon "For Bravery".
Valentin Gaft brilliantly played the role of Colonel Pokrovsky in the film "Say a Word about the Poor Hussar", and Yuri Yakovlev no less successfully starred in the film "The Hussar Ballad" as Lieutenant Rzhevsky. But, in reality, this was simply impossible, the growth of Gaft and Yakovlev is far beyond 180 centimeters, and people of short stature were taken into the hussars, the main task of this type of troops is reconnaissance and pursuit of the enemy. Therefore, low, but dexterous and courageous warriors served in the hussars. For example, the height of Mikhail Lermontov, who entered the Life Guards Hussar Regiment in 1834 as a cornet, was only 158 centimeters.
History knows one case when a woman was accepted into the hussars. The circumstances were truly exceptional. The captain's daughter Nadezhda Andreevna Durova ran away from home and enrolled in the Uhlan regiment under the guise of a nobleman. She showed courage and courage in many battles, and when the deception was revealed, the emperor himself stood up for her. Alexander I, amazed by the woman's selfless desire to serve the motherland in the military field, allowed her to remain in the army, personally presented her with the soldier's St. George's Cross for saving the wounded officer, made her into cornet and transferred to the elite Mariupol hussar regiment under the name Alexander Andreevich Alexandrov.
As you know, hussars don’t take money. And who and when was the first to utter this phrase? At the end of the 18th century, General Lavrov's wife began romance with three hussar officers. She was a sister to the famous industrialist Pavel Grigorievich Demidov, therefore, she was a woman not only beautiful, but also rich. And she generously sponsored her lovers. Soon General Lavrov found out about the love affairs of his wife and sued the hussar, claiming that they had received the money fraudulently, attributing extra zeros on the bills. Even the Emperor Paul the First learned about the unusual trial, who personally ordered to dismiss the officers from the service, since it is not appropriate to take money from mistresses. This is how the famous phrase went to the people that hussars don’t take money.