There is a legend that in the 17th century in England weather forecasters were executed for an incorrect forecast. True, not a single name of the executed weather forecaster has survived. Perhaps they just stopped their activities.
But the leader of the Liberal Democratic Party of Russia Vladimir Volfovich Zhirinovsky recently proposed to disperse the "Moshydromet", which failed to predict the downpour in Moscow. As a result, Zhirinovsky was soaked to the skin. But, forecasters replied that the forecast is therefore called a forecast, because the probability of error is quite high.
In the periodicals, the first weather predictions began to be published on August 1, 1861. It was on this day that the British newspaper The Times published a forecast made by Navy officer Robert Fitzroy. It is interesting that not a word was said about the air temperature in it, only the direction of the "moderate wind" was indicated.
Interestingly, the Times itself was founded in 1785 by John Walter, an employee of an insurance company in Jamaica. The firm went bankrupt after a violent hurricane, when it had to pay huge sums to clients. Maybe Walter needed to open a newspaper earlier and publish weather forecasts in it?
In 1862, the same Fitzroy published the "Book of the Weather", a few years later it was translated into Russian. But, the fate of the author was tragic, in 1865 he committed suicide by cutting his veins. According to the official version, the reason for this step for Fitzroy was chronic overwork, because of which he could no longer work in the meteorological department. But, there were also rumors that Fitzroy fell into depression after a wave of criticism, as many of his predictions did not come true.
In the Soviet Union, the Weather Forecast program was one of the most popular on television. Many people still remember the melody to which the credits appeared on the screen, telling us what the temperature will be the next day. But it was difficult to answer who is the author of the music. And the music from the composition "Manchester-Liverpool" sounded. Composer - Andre Popp.
And the very first weather forecast on TV could be seen by the British on November 11, 1936. Moreover, they showed only weather maps, and the presenters appeared only in the fifties. Radio forecasts appeared earlier - in 1922. And also in England. The BBC company became the initiator.
Often from the announcer you can hear the saying: "a short-term rain is expected." How long does this rain last? According to the statements of the forecasters themselves, no more than 3 hours. But the phrase "without significant precipitation" means that no more than 0.3 liters will fall out per square meter.
Forecasters make ultra-short-term forecasts for the next 12 hours. Unsurprisingly, they are also the most accurate - 95% or more. Forecasts for up to 36 hours are called short-term forecasts. The probability of coincidence is, on average, 90%. But forecasts that predict the weather for more than three months are called super-long-term. They are the most unreliable - 50/50.
Weather is one of the most popular topics for conversation. There is even a joke that if the weather did not change, then 90% of people would not even be able to find a reason to talk.
The word "weather" is the fourth most popular search term on the Internet. Only "programs", "games" and "sex" are ahead.